David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Nature essentially consists of complex systems. The paper presents a conceptual framework to understand how complex systems interact with each other in nature. All natural systems are thermodynamically open and physically adaptive. The process of adaptation and continual self-organization cause these systems to interact continuously with the environment and compete against such similar systems for limited resources.
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