The conflicting loyalties of statism and globalism: Can global democracy resolve the liberal conundrum?
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Metaphilosophy 40 (1):65-76 (2009)
Abstract: The cosmopolitan ideal of liberal universalism seems to be at odds with liberalism's insistence on national borders for liberal democratic communities, creating disparate standards of distributive justice for insiders and outsiders. The liberal's dilemma on the question of cosmopolitan justice would seem to be an extension of this broader conundrum of conflicting loyalties of statism and globalism. The challenge for liberalism, then, seems to be to show how the practices of exclusive membership embody the principle of moral equality. While discerning a variety of liberal reasons to give some scope to the claim that statism and globalism need not be an irreconcilable dilemma within liberalism, the essay argues that these reasons fail to provide a satisfactory resolution. Instead, the essay points out, global democracy can be the direction for both a statist and a cosmopolitan liberal, and the two camps a case not of conflicting loyalties but of multiple loyalties.
|Keywords||equality cosmopolitanism coercion global democracy international law globalism liberalism reciprocity distributive justice statism|
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John Rawls (1999). The Law of Peoples. Harvard University Press.
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Andrea Sangiovanni (2007). Global Justice, Reciprocity, and the State. Philosophy and Public Affairs 35 (1):3–39.
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