Theory of mind and the “somatic Marker mechanism” (SMM)

Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (6):1141-1142 (2001)
Abstract
The “somatic marker mechanism” (SMM; Damasio 1994) is proposed as the cognitive and neural basis of the theory of mind mechanism. The SMM evolved for evaluating the intentions, dispositions, and relationships of conspecifics; hence, it is adaptive in the social domain. It is predicted that chimpanzees will indeed have theory of mind (ToM) ability, but that this will be socially domain-specific. Domain-general ToM will be found only in primates with abstract, symbolic language (adult humans). Putative ToM tests require revision in the light of these distinctions.
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C. M. Heyes (2001). Theory of Mind and Other Domain-Specific Hypotheses. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (6):1143-1145.
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