David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 25 (3):205 - 221 (2011)
I seek to provide a systematic and comprehensive framework for the description and analysis of scientific practice?a philosophical grammar of scientific practice, ?grammar? as meant by the later Wittgenstein. I begin with the recognition that all scientific work, including pure theorizing, consists of actions, of the physical, mental, and ?paper-and-pencil? varieties. When we set out to see what it is that one actually does in scientific work, the following set of questions naturally emerge: who is doing what, why, and how? More specifically, we must arrive at some coherent philosophical accounts of the following elements of scientific practice: the agent?free, embodied, and constantly in second-person interactions with other agents; the purposes and proximate aims of the agent; types of activities that the agent engages in; ontological principles necessarily presumed for the performance of particular activities; instruments and other resources that the agent pulls together for the performance of each activity. After sketching the general framework, I also give some illustrative contrasts between the more traditional descriptions of scientific practice and the kind of descriptions enabled by the proposed framework
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
P. W. Bridgman (1959). The Way Things Are. Cambridge, Harvard University Press.
Nancy Cartwright (2007). Hunting Causes and Using Them: Approaches in Philosophy and Economics. Cambridge University Press.
Hasok Chang (2011). Compositionism as a Dominant Way of Knowing in Modern Chemistry. History of Science 49:247-268.
Hasok Chang (2009). Ontological Principles and the Intelligibility of Epistemic Activities. In Henk De Regt, Sabina Leonelli & Kai Eigner (eds.), Scientific Understanding: Philosophical Perspectives. University of Pittsburgh Press. 64--82.
Citations of this work BETA
Rasmus Grønfeldt Winther (2012). Interweaving Categories: Styles, Paradigms, and Models. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science, Part A 43 (4):628-639.
Rawad El Skaf & Cyrille Imbert (2013). Unfolding in the Empirical Sciences: Experiments, Thought Experiments and Computer Simulations. Synthese 190 (16):3451-3474.
Similar books and articles
Martin Thomson-Jones (2010). Missing Systems and the Face Value Practice. Synthese 172 (2):283 - 299.
James A. Marcum (2011). Horizon for Scientific Practice: Scientific Discovery and Progress. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 24 (2):187-215.
Xiaofei Tian & Tong Wu (2009). The Philosophy of Scientific Practice in Naturalist Thought: Its Approaches and Problems. [REVIEW] Frontiers of Philosophy in China 4 (4):589-603.
Andrew Pickering (ed.) (1992). Science as Practice and Culture. University of Chicago Press.
Melinda Fagan, Social Epistemology of Scientific Inquiry: Beyond Historical Vs. Philosophical Case Studies.
Dan Mcarthur (2006). The Anti-Philosophical Stance, the Realism Question and Scientific Practice. Foundations of Science 11 (4):369-397.
E. Montuschi (2004). Rethinking Objectivity in Social Science. Social Epistemology 18 (2 & 3):109 – 122.
E. Montuschi (2004). Rethinking Objectivity in Social Science. Social Epistemology 18 (2-3):109-122.
Francesco Amigoni, Viola Schiaffonati & Marco Somalvico (2002). Multiagent System Based Scientific Discovery Within Information Society. Mind and Society 3 (1):111-127.
Yvonne Raley (2007). Science and Ontology. The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 12:143-147.
Daniel Andersen (2000). From Case Management to Prevention of Scientific Dishonesty in Denmark. Science and Engineering Ethics 6 (1):25-34.
Daniela M. Bailer-Jones (2002). Scientists' Thoughts on Scientific Models. Perspectives on Science 10 (3):275-301.
Steffen Ducheyne (2010). Whewell's Tidal Researches: Scientific Practice and Philosophical Methodology. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 41 (1):26-40.
Added to index2011-10-02
Total downloads83 ( #15,923 of 1,102,930 )
Recent downloads (6 months)6 ( #46,918 of 1,102,930 )
How can I increase my downloads?