David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Dissertation, University of Hawai'i (2003)
The aim of this dissertation is to compare Nietzsche's three transformations of the spirit, as set forth in Thus Spoke Zarathustra, to Confucius's personal experience of self-cultivation in the Analects . For Nietzsche, the first stage, the camel, emphasizes the willingness to be "humble" and wanting to be "well-loaded" in the teachings of the tradition. This is reflected in Confucius's first step in self-cultivation, that is, at the age of fifteen, in which he "sets his heart-mind upon learning." Nietzsche's lion stage corresponds to Confucius's ages of thirty and forty. This is a period of reflective inquiry in which one goes beyond the boundaries of traditional values to evaluate critically what one has learned. Nietzsche's child stage is a new beginning where one is free from the burdens of inherited values and able to "recreate" the world. This is comparable to Confucius's ages of fifty and sixty when he creates the idea of ren and lives accordingly. Nietzsche's child stage is further developed with the formation of the ideas: amor fati and the eternal recurrence of the same. The former is the acceptance and appreciation of one's past whereas the latter is the ability to overcome the world's apparent meaninglessness and to summon the courage to say "yes" to the world and all its foibles. For Confucius, too, there is no other life but living in the world. His junzi is not beaten down by the vagaries of fate. He neither complains nor blames, but lives naturally with tianming. As a disciple of Confucius or Nietzsche, one has to learn from living in the everyday world
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Hagop Sarkissian (2010). Confucius and the Effortless Life of Virtue. History of Philosophy Quarterly 27 (1):1-16.
Kirill O. Thompson (2011). Sounding the Analects , Engaging Confucius. Philosophy East and West 61 (1):195-215.
Katrin Froese (2008). The Art of Becoming Human: Morality in Kant and Confucius. Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 7 (3):257-268.
Russell Freedman (2002). Confucius: The Golden Rule. Arthur A. Levine Books.
Kuijie Zhou (2005). A Basic Confucius: An Introduction to the Wisdom and Advice of China's Greatest Sage. Long River Press.
Eric Mullis (2010). Confucius and Aristotle on the Goods of Friendship. Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 9 (4):391-405.
Confucius (2008). The Sayings of Confucius. Bibliolife.
May Sim (2007). Remastering Morals with Aristotle and Confucius. Cambridge University Press.
Hye-Kyung Kim (2006). Learning, Critical Thinking, and Confucius. The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 4:79-84.
Added to index2010-07-26
Total downloads9 ( #350,937 of 1,792,164 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #464,595 of 1,792,164 )
How can I increase my downloads?