Developmental changes in probabilistic reasoning: The role of cognitive capacity, instructions, thinking styles, and relevant knowledge
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Thinking and Reasoning 17 (3):315 - 350 (2011)
In three experiments we explored developmental changes in probabilistic reasoning, taking into account the effects of cognitive capacity, thinking styles, and instructions. Normative responding increased with grade levels and cognitive capacity in all experiments, and it showed a negative relationship with superstitious thinking. The effect of instructions (in Experiments 2 and 3) was moderated by level of education and cognitive capacity. Specifically, only higher-grade students with higher cognitive capacity benefited from instructions to reason on the basis of logic. The implications of these findings for research on the development of probabilistic reasoning are also discussed
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Henrik Singmann & Karl Christoph Klauer (2011). Deductive and Inductive Conditional Inferences: Two Modes of Reasoning. Thinking and Reasoning 17 (3):247 - 281.
Patricia H. Miller (2001). Developmental Issues in Model-Based Reasoning During Childhood. Mind and Society 2 (2):49-58.
Richard A. Griggs Richard, D. Platt Stephen, E. Newstead Sherri & L. Jackson (1998). Attentional Factors in a Disjunctive Reasoning Task. Thinking and Reasoning 4 (1):1 – 14.
Mohammad J. Abdolmohammadi, William J. Read & D. Paul Scarbrough (2003). Does Selection-Socialization Help to Explain Accountants' Weak Ethical Reasoning? Journal of Business Ethics 42 (1):71 - 81.
Isabelle Vadeboncoeur & Henry Markovits (1999). The Effect of Instructions and Information Retrieval on Accepting the Premises in a Conditional Reasoning Task. Thinking and Reasoning 5 (2):97 – 113.
Pam Marek, Richard A. Griggs & Cynthia S. Koenig (2000). Reducing Cognitive Complexity in a Hypothetico-Deductive Reasoning Task. Thinking and Reasoning 6 (3):253 – 265.
Stephanie Denison & Fei Xu (2010). Integrating Physical Constraints in Statistical Inference by 11-Month-Old Infants. Cognitive Science 34 (5):885-908.
Hilary J. Leevers & Paul L. Harris (1999). Persisting Effects of Instruction on Young Children's Syllogistic Reasoning with Incongruent and Abstract Premises. Thinking and Reasoning 5 (2):145 – 173.
Marcin Bukowski, Ulrich von Hecker & Małgorzata Kossowska (2013). Motivational Determinants of Reasoning About Social Relations: The Role of Need for Cognitive Closure. Thinking and Reasoning 19 (2):150-177.
Evan Heit & Caren M. Rotello (2012). The Pervasive Effects of Argument Length on Inductive Reasoning. Thinking and Reasoning 18 (3):244 - 277.
Lawrence J. Walker & Karl H. Hennig (1999). Parenting Style and the Development of Moral Reasoning. Journal of Moral Education 28 (3):359-374.
Mary Douglas (1996). Thought Styles: Critical Essays on Good Taste. Sage Publications.
Denise Dellarosa Cummins (1996). Dominance Hierarchies and the Evolution of Human Reasoning. Minds and Machines 6 (4):463-480.
Marion E. Smith (1978). Moral Reasoning: Its Relation to Logical Thinking and Role‐Taking. Journal of Moral Education 8 (1):41-49.
Michael Luntley (2005). The Role of Judgement. Philosophical Explorations 8 (3):281 – 295.
Added to index2011-08-11
Total downloads10 ( #149,208 of 1,103,218 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #298,253 of 1,103,218 )
How can I increase my downloads?