Kant, Real Possibility, and the Threat of Spinoza

Mind 121 (483):635-675 (2012)
In the first part of the paper I reconstruct Kant’s proof of the existence of a ‘most real being’ while also highlighting the theory of modality that motivates Kant’s departure from Leibniz’s version of the proof. I go on to argue that it is precisely this departure that makes the being that falls out of the pre-critical proof look more like Spinoza’s extended natura naturans than an independent, personal creator-God. In the critical period, Kant seems to think that transcendental idealism allows him to avoid this conclusion, but in the last section of the paper I argue that there is still one important version of the Spinozistic threat that remains. -/- .
Keywords Kant  possibility  Spinoza  modality
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DOI 10.1093/mind/fzs079
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References found in this work BETA
Andrew Chignell (2007). Belief in Kant. Philosophical Review 116 (3):323-360.

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Eric Watkins (2013). The Early Kant's (Anti-) Newtonianism. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 44 (3):429-437.

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