A Formal Treatment of the Causative Constructions in Chinese

Frontiers of Philosophy in China 3 (2):307 - 316 (2008)
There are at least five kinds of causative constructions in Chinese, the constructions of the collocation of verbs and prepositional phrases, verb-copying constructions, "ba" constructions with an object ahead, verb-copying constructions with their complements, and pivotal constructions with commands. But the current type-logical grammar has no tools representing the meanings of causative constructions. It would be neither intuitive nor simple to describe these constructions by means of the current type-logical grammar. So we intend to improve the type-logical grammar by adding CAUSE as a logical constant, complementing the structure rules about the movement and addition or deletion of some components of causative constructions, assigning categories to Chinese nouns and prepositions; then we give an intuitive as well as simple analysis on these causative constructions. Based on this work we shall extend the multimodal system of type-logical grammar, increase structure postulates, make constraints on frame semantics, and then prove the soundness and completeness of that system. /// 语致使句式至少表现为五种形式:动词和介词短语搭配的句子;动词多次 出现的重动句:宾语前置的"把"字句;重动动补句和使令类兼语句。而通常的类 型一逻辑语义学则没有表现致使涵义的工具;采用高阶逻辑手段表现汉语致使句式 显得不够直观简洁,并且不便分析汉语的重动致使句。对类型一逻辑语法的工具 进行政进:增添逻辑常项CAUSE; 补充关于致使句组成成分移动增减的结构规 贝。;给出汉语名词和介词的范畴指派;可获得关于汉语致使句式的直观简洁的类 型一逻辑语法分析。据此对类型一逻辑语法的多模态系统进行扩展,增加结构公设 和框架语义限制,确立系统的完全性。.
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