David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Philosophical Explorations (1995)
The objectivity and utility of experimental data as evidential support for knowledge-claims may be found suspect when it is shown that the interpretation of experimental data is inevitably complicated by social factors like experimenter effects, subject effects and demand characteristics, social factors which affect experimental data are themselves sensitive to societal conventions or cultural values, all observations are necessarily theory-dependent, and experimental data have limited generality because they are collected in artificial settings. These critiques of experimental data are answered by showing that not all empirical studies are experiments, experimental methodology is developed to exclude alternate interpretations of data, theoretical disputes and their settlement take place in the context of a particular frame of reference, and objectivity can be achieved with observations neutral to the to-be-corroborated theory despite theory-dependent observations if distinctions are made between prior observation and evidential observation and between a to-be-corroborated theory and the theory underlying the identity of evidential response.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
No categories specified
(categorize this paper)
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
H. J. Grosz & J. A. Zimmerman (1965). Experimental Analysis of Hysterical Blindness: A Follow-Up Report and New Experimental Data. Archives of General Psychiatry 13:255-60.
Robert C. Cummins (1998). Reflection on Reflective Equilibrium. In Michael DePaul & William Ramsey (eds.), Rethinking Intuition. Rowman & Littlefield 113-128.
Werner Ehm (2005). Meta-Analysis O Mind-Matter Experiments: A Statistical Modeling Perspective. Mind and Matter 3 (1):85-132.
Jorge P. Zubelli (2010). On the Calibration of a Size-Structured Population Model From Experimental Data. Acta Biotheoretica 58 (4):405-413.
José Luis Bermúdez (2011). The Force-Field Puzzle and Mindreading in Non-Human Primates. Review of Philosophy and Psychology 2 (3):397-410.
Jaakko Hintikka (2005). Omitting Data—Ethical or Strategic Problem? Synthese 145 (2):169 - 176.
Dr Siu L. Chow (2002). Issues in Statistical Inference. Philosophical Explorations.
Donald L. Rowe & James Wright (2001). Using Experimental Data and Analysis in EEG Modelling. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (5):828-829.
Sylvia Culp (1995). Objectivity in Experimental Inquiry: Breaking Data-Technique Circles. Philosophy of Science 62 (3):438-458.
Siu L. Chow (1992). Acceptance of a Theory: Justification or Rhetoric? Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 22 (4):447–474.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads8 ( #470,849 of 1,932,483 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #456,120 of 1,932,483 )
How can I increase my downloads?