David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
How one may use descriptive statistics to give a succinct description of research data is first discussed. The probability basis of inferential statistics, namely, the random sampling distribution of the test statistic, is then introduced. The said sampling distribution is used to introduced the null-hypothesis significance-testing procedure (NHSTP). The emphasis on 'procedure' serves to highlight the fact that significance tests are about data, not about the substantive hypothesis. The distinction is made between (a) the statistical alternative hypothesis (H1) and the substantive hypothesis, (b) using NHSTP to test whether or not chance is responsible for the data and using the embeddding conditional propositions to corroborate the theory. NHSTP serves to supply the minor premise for the theory-corroboration procedure. Some conceptual difficulties with effect-size, statistical power and meta-analysis are also discusse.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library||
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Siu L. Chow (1998). The Null-Hypothesis Significance-Test Procedure is Still Warranted. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (2):228-235.
Günther Palm (1998). Significance Testing – Does It Need This Defence? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (2):214-215.
Siu L. Chow (1988). Significance Test or Effect Size? Philosophical Explorations.
Edward Erwin (1998). The Logic of Null Hypothesis Testing. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (2):197-198.
Michael G. Shafto (1998). Costs and Benefits of Statistical Significance Tests. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (2):218-219.
Reuven Dar (1998). Null Hypothesis Tests and Theory Corroboration: Defending NHSTP Out of Context. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (2):196-197.
Dr Siu L. Chow (2003). Some Meta-Theoretical Issues Relating to Statistical Inference. Philosophical Explorations.
Charles F. Blaich (1998). The Null-Hypothesis Significance-Test Procedure: Can't Live with It, Can't Live Without It. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (2):194-195.
David Rindskopf (1998). Null-Hypothesis Tests Are Not Completely Stupid, but Bayesian Statistics Are Better. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (2):215-216.
Joseph S. Rossi (1998). Meta-Analysis, Power Analysis, and the Null-Hypothesis Significance-Test Procedure. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (2):216-217.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads23 ( #87,232 of 1,679,342 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #112,111 of 1,679,342 )
How can I increase my downloads?