Ethical Perceptions of Business Students: Differences between East Asia and the USA and among "Confucian" Cultures [Book Review]
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Journal of Business Ethics 79 (1/2):121 - 132 (2008)
This paper reports the results of a survey of 842 undergraduate business students in four nations - the United States of America (the USA), the Peoples' Republic of China (the PRC), Japan, and the Republic of Korea (the ROK). This survey asked students to respond to four scenarios with potentially unethical business behavior and a string of questions related to the importance of ethics in business strategy and in personal behaviors. Based on arguments related to differences in recent historical experiences, the authors suggest that student responses may be as different within the East Asian (Confucian) environment as they are between this environment as a whole and the USA. Survey results indicate a greater perception of ethical problems and more importance placed on ethics per se in business practices, as well as less of an emphasis on social harmony (a key distinguishing characteristic of Confucian values identified in prior research) on the part of USA students. At the same time, substantial national differences in response are also witnessed within the set of East Asian students. A priori expectations as to the manner in which these East Asian responses should vary based on differences in recent historical experiences are partially, but not fully, supported. The authors argue that the key value of the reported research rests on a demonstration that national differences within a common cultural (e.g., East Asian or Confucian) area can be as great as differences across cultural (East vs. West) areas and that practitioners of global business must fine-tune their expectations as to acceptable business and personal actions to accommodate specific national historical experiences to be effective
|Keywords||business ethics Confucianism|
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References found in this work BETA
Edward J. Romar (2002). Virtue is Good Business: Confucianism as a Practical Business Ethics. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 38 (1-2):119 - 131.
Tak Sing Cheung & Ambrose Yeo-chi king (2004). Righteousness and Profitableness: The Moral Choices of Contemporary Confucian Entrepreneurs. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 54 (3):245 - 260.
Swee Hoon Ang & Siew Meng Leong (2000). Out of the Mouths of Babes: Business Ethics and Youths in Asia. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 28 (2):129 - 144.
Calvin M. Boardman & Hideaki Kiyoshi Kato (2003). The Confucian Roots of Business Kyosei. Journal of Business Ethics 48 (4):317 - 333.
Daryl Koehn (2001). Confucian Trustworthiness and the Practice of Business in China. Business Ethics Quarterly 11 (3):415-429.
Citations of this work BETA
Justin Tan & Irene Hau-Siu Chow (2009). Isolating Cultural and National Influence on Value and Ethics: A Test of Competing Hypotheses. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 88 (1):197 - 210.
Daewook Kim & Myung-Il Choi (2013). A Comparison of Young Publics' Evaluations of Corporate Social Responsibility Practices of Multinational Corporations in the United States and South Korea. Journal of Business Ethics 113 (1):105-118.
Miguel Pina E. Cunha, Nuno Guimarães-Costa, Arménio Rego & Stewart R. Clegg (2010). Leading and Following (Un)Ethically in Limen. Journal of Business Ethics 97 (2):189-206.
Hye Jung Jung, HaeJung Kim & Kyung Wha Oh (forthcoming). Green Leather for Ethical Consumers in China and Korea: Facilitating Ethical Consumption with Value–Belief–Attitude Logic. Journal of Business Ethics.
Miguel Pina E. Cunha, Nuno Guimarães-Costa, Arménio Rego & Stewart R. Clegg (2010). Leading and Following (Un) Ethically in "Limen". Journal of Business Ethics 97 (2):189 - 206.
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