David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Consciousness and Cognition 10 (1):26-41 (2001)
Two aspects of consciousness are first considered: consciousness as awareness (phenomenological meaning) and consciousness as strategic control (functional meaning). As to awareness, three types can be distinguished: first, awareness as the phenomenal experiences of objects and events; second, awareness as meta-awareness, i.e., the awareness of mental life itself; third, awareness as self-awareness, i.e., the awareness of being oneself. While phenomenal experience and self-awareness are usually present during dreaming (even if many modifications are possible), meta-awareness is usually absent (apart from some particular experiences of self-reflectiveness) with the major exception of lucid dreaming. Consciousness as strategic control may also be present in dreams. The functioning of consciousness is then analyzed, following a cognitive model of dream production. In such a model, the dream is supposed to be the product of the interaction of three components: (a) the bottom-up activation of mnemonic elements coming from LTM systems, (b) interpretative and elaborative top-down processes, and (c) monitoring of phenomenal experience. A feedback circulation is activated among the components, where the top-down interpretative organization and the conscious monitoring of the oneiric scene elicitates other mnemonic contents, according to the requirements of the dream plot. This dream productive activity is submitted to unconscious and conscious processes
|Keywords||*Awareness *Cognitive Processes *Dreaming *Models Metacognition Self Perception|
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Citations of this work BETA
Jonathan W. Schooler (2002). Re-Representing Consciousness: Dissociations Between Experience and Meta-Consciousness. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 6 (8):339-344.
S. Llewellyn (2013). Such Stuff as Dreams Are Made On? Elaborative Encoding, the Ancient Art of Memory, and the Hippocampus. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (6):589-607.
Ursula Voss, Karin Schermelleh-Engel, Jennifer Windt, Clemens Frenzel & Allan Hobson (2013). Measuring Consciousness in Dreams: The Lucidity and Consciousness in Dreams Scale. Consciousness and Cognition 22 (1):8-21.
Martin Desseilles, Thien Thanh Dang-Vu, Virginie Sterpenich & Sophie Schwartz (2011). Cognitive and Emotional Processes During Dreaming: A Neuroimaging View. Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):998-1008.
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