Referees, editors, and publication practices: Improving the reliability and usefulness of the Peer review system

Science and Engineering Ethics 3 (1):51-62 (1997)
Abstract
The documented low levels of reliability of the peer review process present a serious challenge to editors who must often base their publication decisions on conflicting referee recommendations. The purpose of this article is to discuss this process and examine ways to produce a more reliable and useful peer review system.
Keywords peer review  reliability  validity  publication practices  manuscripts  grants  acceptance rates  rejection rates  behavioral sciences  medical sciences  physical sciences  physics  chemistry  objective  fair  innovative/original  training reviewers
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