David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Plos One (2012)
The punishment of social misconduct is a powerful mechanism for stabilizing high levels of cooperation among unrelated individuals. It is regularly assumed that humans have a universal disposition to punish social norm violators, which is sometimes labelled “universal structure of human morality” or “pure aversion to social betrayal”. Here we present evidence that, contrary to this hypothesis, the propensity to punish a moral norm violator varies among participants with different career trajectories. In anonymous real-life conditions, future teachers punished a talented but immoral young violinist: they voted against her in an important music competition when they had been informed of her previous blatant misconduct toward fellow violin students. In contrast, future police officers and high school students did not punish. This variation among socio-professional categories indicates that the punishment of norm violators is not entirely explained by an aversion to social betrayal. We suggest that context specificity plays an important role in normative behaviour; people seem inclined to enforce social norms only in situations that are familiar, relevant for their social category, and possibly strategically advantageous.
|Keywords||punishment motivation experimental economics norm violation social betrayal social norm|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|External links||This entry has no external links. Add one.|
|Through your library||Configure|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Similar books and articles
C. Bicchieri, E. Xiao & R. Muldoon (2011). Trustworthiness is a Social Norm, but Trusting is Not. Politics, Philosophy and Economics 10 (2):170-187.
Erte Xiao & Cristina Bicchieri (2012). Words or Deeds? Choosing What to Know About Others. Synthese 187 (1):49-63.
Klein Rebekka A., The (Neuro-)Biology of Altruistic Punishment a Philosophical Investigation of a Concept of Human Social Behavior.
H. Gintis (2010). Social Norms as Choreography. Politics, Philosophy and Economics 9 (3):251-264.
Lorenzo Sacconi & Marco Faillo, Conformity, Reciprocity and the Sense of Justice How Social Contract-Based Preferences and Beliefs Explain Norm Compliance: The Experimental Evidence.
Richard Holton (2010). Norms and the Knobe Effect. Analysis 70 (3):1-8.
Marco Campenní, Giulia Andrighetto, Federico Cecconi & Rosaria Conte (2009). Normal = Normative? The Role of Intelligent Agents in Norm Innovation. Mind and Society 8 (2):153-172.
Marco F. H. Schmidt & Michael Tomasello (2012). Young Children Enforce Social Norms. Current Directions in Psychological Science 21 (4):232-236.
Claudia Rudolf von Rohr, Judith Burkart & Carel van Schaik (2011). Evolutionary Precursors of Social Norms in Chimpanzees: A New Approach. Biology and Philosophy 26 (1):1-30.
John Turri (2013). The Test of Truth: An Experimental Investigation of the Norm of Assertion. Cognition 129 (2):279-291.
Cristiano Castelfranchi (1999). Prescribed Mental Attitudes in Goal-Adoption and Norm-Adoption. Artificial Intelligence and Law 7 (1):37-50.
Added to index2012-10-30
Total downloads52 ( #25,859 of 1,089,062 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #30,944 of 1,089,062 )
How can I increase my downloads?