Graduate studies at Western
|Abstract||Much work in economics, the social sciences, and elsewhere takes as its starting point a somewhat unrealistic conception of rationality Ã¢â¬â a conception that ignores or downplays both the temporal and the situated aspects of human reason. Biological reason, I shall argue, is better conceived as an iterated process of adaptive response made under extreme time pressure and exquisitely keyed to a variety of external structures and circumstances. These external structures and circumstances act as filters and constraints on the spaces of possible real-time responses. Paramount among such structures and circumstances, in the case of human reason, are the cultural artifacts of language and of social and economic institutions. Models of rational decision making need to situate the reasoning agent as just one element in a complex and time-sensitive feedback system in which such external structures play a major role. It is therefore crucial that we understand the complex and mutually modulatory interplay between individual cognition and the extended environmental loops in which it participates. I shall explore a few potential avenues for developing such an understanding including neural network research and multiple time scale..|
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
No categories specified
(categorize this paper)
|Through your library||Only published papers are available at libraries|
Similar books and articles
Andy Clark (2005). Beyond the Flesh: Some Lessons From a Mole Cricket. Artificial Life 11 (1-2):233-44.
Andy Clark (2006). Material Symbols. Philosophical Psychology 19 (3):291-307.
Sean Enda Power (2013). Perceiving External Things and the Time-Lag Argument. European Journal of Philosophy 21 (1):94-117.
Bert Mosselmans (2005). Time and Value in the History of Political Economy. Foundations of Science 10 (3):325-345.
Timothy Williamson (2006). Can Cognition Be Factorized Into Internal and External Components? In Robert J. Stainton (ed.), Contemporary Debates in Cognitive Science. Malden MA: Blackwell Publishing.
Dean Lubin (2009). External Reasons. Metaphilosophy 40 (2):273-291.
Matthew S. Bedke (2010). Rationalist Restrictions and External Reasons. Philosophical Studies 151 (1):39 - 57.
Frank van der Velde & Marc de Kamps (2006). Neural Blackboard Architectures of Combinatorial Structures in Cognition. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (1):37-70.
Mark Rowlands (2009). The Extended Mind. Zygon 44 (3):628-641.
David Kirsh (2009). Problem Solving and Situated Cognition. In Philip Robbins & M. Aydede (eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of Situated Cognition. Cambridge.
David Kirsh (2009). Problem Solving and Situated Cognition. The Cambridge Handbook of Situated Cognition:264-306.
Michael A. Arbib (2003). Predicates: External Description or Neural Reality? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (3):285-286.
Georg Theiner (2007). Where Syllogistic Reasoning Happens: An Argument for the Extended Mind Hypothesis. In McNamara D. S. & Trafton J. G. (eds.), Proceedings of the 29th Annual Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society.
Added to index2010-12-22
Total downloads25 ( #55,921 of 754,915 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #27,287 of 754,915 )
How can I increase my downloads?