David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Philosophical Psychology 17 (4):443-469 (2004)
This paper contrasts three different schemes of reference relevant to understanding systems of perceptual representation: a location-based system dubbed "feature-placing", a system of "visual indices" referring to things called "proto-objects", and the full sortal-based individuation allowed by a natural language. The first three sections summarize some of the key arguments (in Clark, 2000) to the effect that the early, parallel, and pre-attentive registration of sensory features itself constitutes a simple system of nonconceptual mental representation. In particular, feature integration--perceiving something as being both F and G, where F and G are sensible properties registered in distinct parallel streams--requires a referential apparatus. Section V. reviews some grounds for thinking that at these earliest levels this apparatus is location-based: that it has a direct and nonconceptual means of picking out places. Feature-placing is contrasted with a somewhat more sophisticated system that can identify and track four or five "perceptual objects" or "proto-objects", independently of their location, for as long as they remain perceptible. Such a system is found in Zenon Pylyshyn's fascinating work on "visual indices", in Dana Ballard's notion of deictic codes, and in Kahneman, Treisman, and Wolfe's accounts of systems of evanescent representations they call "object files". Perceptual representation is a layered affair, and I argue that it probably includes both feature-placing and proto-objects. Finally, both nonconceptual systems are contrasted with the full-blooded individuation allowed in a natural language
|Keywords||Epistemology Feature Object Placing Region|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Ellen Fridland (2011). The Case for Proprioception. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 10 (4):521-540.
Anna Farennikova (2013). Seeing Absence. Philosophical Studies 166 (3):429-454.
Nicolas J. Bullot & Paul Égré (2009). Editorial: Objects and Sound Perception. [REVIEW] Review of Philosophy and Psychology 1 (1):5-17.
Nicolas Bullot (2009). Toward a Theory of the Empirical Tracking of Individuals: Cognitive Flexibility and the Functions of Attention in Integrated Tracking. Philosophical Psychology 22 (3):353-387.
Nicolas Bullot (2008). Keeping Track of Invisible Individuals While Exploring a Spatial Layout with Partial Cues: Location-Based and Deictic Direction-Based Strategies. Philosophical Psychology 21 (1):15-46.
Similar books and articles
Austen Clark (2001). Some Logical Features of Feature Integration. In Werner Backhaus (ed.), Neuronal Coding of Perceptual Systems. World Scientific. 3-20.
Pepper Williams, Isabel Gauthier & Michael J. Tarr (1998). Feature Learning During the Acquisition of Perceptual Expertise. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (1):40-41.
Paul C. Quinn (1998). Emergence of Object Representations in Young Infants: Corroborating Findings and a Challenge for the Feature Creation Approach. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (1):35-36.
Cyril R. Latimer (1998). New Features for Old: Creation or Derivation? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (1):31-32.
Brian P. Keane (2008). On Representing Objects with a Language of Sentience. Philosophical Psychology 21 (1):113 – 127.
Jussi Haukioja (2006). Proto-Rigidity. Synthese 150 (2):155 - 169.
Susanna Siegel (2002). Review of A Theory of Sentience, by Austen Clark. [REVIEW] Philosophical Review 111 (1).
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads87 ( #14,291 of 1,101,544 )
Recent downloads (6 months)41 ( #1,887 of 1,101,544 )
How can I increase my downloads?