David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Neuroethics 6 (1):189-196 (2013)
Rapid advances in neuroscience may enable us to identify the neural correlates of ordinary decision making. Such knowledge opens up the possibility of acquiring highly accurate information about people’s competence to consent to medical procedures and to participate in medical research. Currently we are unable to determine competence to consent with accuracy and we make a number of unrealistic practical assumptions to deal with our ignorance. Here I argue that if we are able to detect competence to consent and if we are able to develop a reliable neural test of competence to consent, then these assumptions will have to be rejected. I also consider and reject three lines of argument that might be developed by a defender of the status quo in order to protect our current practices regarding judgments of competence in the face of the availability of information about the neural correlates of ordinary human decision making
|Keywords||Competence Decision making capacity Informed consent Neural correlates Rule of thumb Status quo|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Tom L. Beauchamp (2009). Principles of Biomedical Ethics. Oxford University Press.
Mario Beauregard, Johanne Lévesque & Pierre Bourgouin (2001). Neural Correlates of Conscious Self-Regulation of Emotion. Journal of Neuroscience 21 (18):6993-7000.
Nick Bostrom (2009). Cognitive Enhancement: Methods, Ethics, Regulatory Challenges. [REVIEW] Science and Engineering Ethics 15 (3):311-341.
Allen E. Buchanan (1989). Deciding for Others: The Ethics of Surrogate Decisionmaking. Cambridge University Press.
Steve Clarke (2001). Informed Consent in Medicine in Comparison with Consent in Other Areas of Human Activity. Southern Journal of Philosophy 39 (2):169-187.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Jos V. M. Welie & Sander P. K. Welie (2001). Patient Decision Making Competence: Outlines of a Conceptual Analysis. [REVIEW] Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 4 (2):127-138.
Jukka Varelius (2009). Collective Informed Consent and Decision Power. Science and Engineering Ethics 15 (1):39-50.
Haavi Morreim (1983). Three Concepts of Patient Competence. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 4 (3).
Deborah Bowman (2011). Informed Consent: A Primer for Clinical Practice. Cambridge University Press.
Eric Vogelstein (2014). Competence and Ability. Bioethics 28 (5):235-244.
Kristine Bærøe (2010). Patient Autonomy, Assessment of Competence and Surrogate Decision-Making: A Call for Reasonableness in Deciding for Others. Bioethics 24 (2):87-95.
Daniel D. Moseley & Gary J. Gala (2013). The Consumer Protection Model of Decisional Capacity Evaluation. Southwest Philosophy Review 29 (1):241-248.
Victoria A. Miller, Dennis Drotar & Eric Kodish (2004). Children's Competence for Assent and Consent: A Review of Empirical Findings. [REVIEW] Ethics and Behavior 14 (3):255 – 295.
Wayne Martin & Ryan Hickerson (2013). Mental Capacity and the Applied Phenomenology of Judgement. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 12 (1):195-214.
Wim J. M. Dekkers (2001). Autonomy and Dependence: Chronic Physical Illness and Decision-Making Capacity. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 4 (2):185-192.
Susan E. Zinner (1995). The Elusive Goal of Informed Consent by Adolescents. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 16 (4).
Ajit Shah (2011). Mental Competence or Best Interests? Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 18 (2):151-152.
Shawn Fabrice Jotterand, Archie M. McClintock, Mustafa A. Alexander & M. Husain (2010). Ethics and Informed Consent of Vagus Nerve Stimulation (Vns) for Patients with Treatment-Resistant Depression (Trd). Neuroethics 3 (1).
Samuel Knapp (2012). Practical Ethics for Psychologists: A Positive Approach. American Psychological Association.
David Checkland & Michel Silberfeld (1996). Mental Competence and the Question of Beneficent Intervention. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 17 (2).
Added to index2011-11-27
Total downloads18 ( #94,242 of 1,102,744 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #182,643 of 1,102,744 )
How can I increase my downloads?