David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 13 (2):181 - 190 (2010)
Scenarios involving the introduction of artificially intelligent (AI) assistive technologies in health care practices raise several ethical issues. In this paper, I discuss four objections to introducing AI assistive technologies in health care practices as replacements of human care. I analyse them as demands for felt care, good care, private care, and real care. I argue that although these objections cannot stand as good reasons for a general and a priori rejection of AI assistive technologies as such or as replacements of human care, they demand us to clarify what is at stake, to develop more comprehensive criteria for good care, and to rethink existing practices of care. In response to these challenges, I propose a (modified) capabilities approach to care and emphasize the inherent social dimension of care. I also discuss the demand for real care by introducing the ‘Care Experience Machine’ thought experiment. I conclude that if we set the standards of care too high when evaluating the introduction of AI assistive technologies in health care, we have to reject many of our existing, low-tech health care practices.
|Keywords||Health care Capabilities Good life ethics AI Assistive technology Robots|
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References found in this work BETA
Robert Nozick (1974). Anarchy, State and Utopia. Basic Books.
Martha Nussbaum (2001). Women and Human Development: The Capabilities Approach. Cambridge University Press.
Robert Sparrow & Linda Sparrow (2006). In the Hands of Machines? The Future of Aged Care. Minds and Machines 16 (2):141-161.
Michael Decker (2008). Caregiving Robots and Ethical Reflection: The Perspective of Interdisciplinary Technology Assessment. [REVIEW] AI and Society 22 (3):315-330.
Robert Sparrow (2002). The March of the Robot Dogs. Ethics and Information Technology 4 (4):305-318.
Citations of this work BETA
Shannon Vallor (2011). Carebots and Caregivers: Sustaining the Ethical Ideal of Care in the Twenty-First Century. Philosophy and Technology 24 (3):251-268.
Yvette Pearson & Jason Borenstein (2013). The Intervention of Robot Caregivers and the Cultivation of Children's Capability to Play. Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (1):123-137.
Mark Coeckelbergh (2011). Human Development or Human Enhancement? A Methodological Reflection on Capabilities and the Evaluation of Information Technologies. Ethics and Information Technology 13 (2):81-92.
Amanda Sharkey (2014). Robots and Human Dignity: A Consideration of the Effects of Robot Care on the Dignity of Older People. Ethics and Information Technology 16 (1):63-75.
Philip J. Nickel (2011). Ethics in E-Trust and E-Trustworthiness: The Case of Direct Computer-Patient Interfaces. Ethics and Information Technology 13 (2):355-363.
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