David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 13 (2):181 - 190 (2010)
Scenarios involving the introduction of artificially intelligent (AI) assistive technologies in health care practices raise several ethical issues. In this paper, I discuss four objections to introducing AI assistive technologies in health care practices as replacements of human care. I analyse them as demands for felt care, good care, private care, and real care. I argue that although these objections cannot stand as good reasons for a general and a priori rejection of AI assistive technologies as such or as replacements of human care, they demand us to clarify what is at stake, to develop more comprehensive criteria for good care, and to rethink existing practices of care. In response to these challenges, I propose a (modified) capabilities approach to care and emphasize the inherent social dimension of care. I also discuss the demand for real care by introducing the ‘Care Experience Machine’ thought experiment. I conclude that if we set the standards of care too high when evaluating the introduction of AI assistive technologies in health care, we have to reject many of our existing, low-tech health care practices.
|Keywords||Health care Capabilities Good life ethics AI Assistive technology Robots|
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References found in this work BETA
P. Anand (2005). Capabilities and Health. Journal of Medical Ethics 31 (5):299-303.
Mark Coeckelbergh (2007). Imagination and Principles: An Essay on the Role of Imagination in Moral Reasoning. Palgrave Macmillan.
Michael Decker (2008). Caregiving Robots and Ethical Reflection: The Perspective of Interdisciplinary Technology Assessment. [REVIEW] AI and Society 22 (3):315-330.
Robert Nozick (1974). Anarchy, State and Utopia. Basic Books.
Martha Nussbaum (2001). Women and Human Development: The Capabilities Approach. Cambridge University Press.
Citations of this work BETA
Mark Coeckelbergh (2011). Human Development or Human Enhancement? A Methodological Reflection on Capabilities and the Evaluation of Information Technologies. Ethics and Information Technology 13 (2):81-92.
Shannon Vallor (2011). Carebots and Caregivers: Sustaining the Ethical Ideal of Care in the Twenty-First Century. Philosophy and Technology 24 (3):251-268.
Philip J. Nickel (2011). Ethics in E-Trust and E-Trustworthiness: The Case of Direct Computer-Patient Interfaces. Ethics and Information Technology 13 (2):355-363.
Yvette Pearson (2010). Robot Caregivers: Harbingers of Expanded Freedom for All? [REVIEW] Ethics and Information Technology 12 (3):277-288.
Yvette Pearson & Jason Borenstein (2013). The Intervention of Robot Caregivers and the Cultivation of Children's Capability to Play. Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (1):123-137.
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