David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Review of Metaphysics 31 (3):387-405 (1978)
Quine, in an influential passage, characterizes a certain kind of metaphysical view as "Aristotelian essentialism." Recent work on Aristotle suggests that he may not have been an essentialist in Quine's sense. This paper examines the question whether, and to what extent, Aristotle is committed to the kind of essentialism Quine discusses. Various promising areas of Aristotle's thought (alteration vs. coming-to-be and passing-away, kath' hauto predication) are examined and found wanting as sources of essentialism. Instead, Aristotle is found to be committed to essentialism in the hylomorphic conception of substance featured in the late books of the Metaphysics, despite the superficially anti-essentialistic appearance of the conception of matter as the ultimate subject of predication. Essentialism is part and parcel of Aristotle's conception of substances as the basic individuals.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Daryn Lehoux (2006). Laws of Nature and Natural Laws. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 37 (4):527-549.
S. Marc Cohen (2008). Kooky Objects Revisited: Aristotle's Ontology. Metaphilosophy 39 (1):3–19.
Frank A. Lewis (1982). Accidental Sameness in Aristotle. Philosophical Studies 42 (1):1 - 36.
Similar books and articles
Marc Ereshefsky (2010). What's Wrong with the New Biological Essentialism. Philosophy of Science 77 (5):674-685.
Chris Sciabarra (1990). From Aristotle to Marx. Critical Review 4 (1-2):61-73.
Alexander Bird (2009). Essences and Natural Kinds. In Robin Le Poidevin (ed.), The Routledge Companion to Metaphysics. Routledge 497--506.
S. Marc Cohen (2009). Substances. In Georgios Anagnostopoulos (ed.), A Companion to Aristotle. Blackwell-Wiley
Edward Black (1968). Aristotle's 'Essentialism' and Quine's Cycling Mathematician. The Monist 52 (2):288-297.
R. M. Dancy (1975). Sense and Contradiction: A Study in Aristotle. D. Reidel Pub. Co..
Charlotte Witt (2011). What Is Gender Essentialism? In Feminist Metaphysics. Springer Verlag 11--25.
Denis M. Walsh (2006). Evolutionary Essentialism. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 57 (2):425-448.
Added to index2009-08-26
Total downloads103 ( #38,059 of 1,902,050 )
Recent downloads (6 months)14 ( #51,025 of 1,902,050 )
How can I increase my downloads?