David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 12 (1):47-64 (2002)
: Gill and Sade, in the preceding article in this issue of the Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal, argue that living individuals should be free from legal constraints against selling their organs. The present commentary responds to several of their claims. It explains why an analogy between kidneys and blood fails; why, as a matter of public policy, we prohibit the sale of human solid organs, yet allow the sale of blood; and why their attack on Kant's putative argument against the sale of human body parts is misplaced. Finally, it rejects the claim that the state is entitled to interfere with the actions of individuals only if such actions would harm others. We draw certain lines grounded in what Rawls has termed "public reason" beyond which we do not give effect to the autonomous self-regarding decisions of individuals. Public resistance to the sale of human body parts, no matter how voluntary or well informed, is grounded in the conviction that such a practice would diminish human dignity and our sense of solidarity. A system of organ donation, in contrast, conveys our respect for persons and honors our common humanity
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
R. Andorno (2009). Human Dignity and Human Rights as a Common Ground for a Global Bioethics. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 34 (3):223-240.
Rick Thomas (2013). A Market Price for Organs? New Bioethics: A Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body 19 (2):111-129.
Similar books and articles
Jeremy C. Snyder (2007). Kidney for Sale by Owner: Human Organs, Transplantation, and the Market – by Mark J. Cherry. Developing World Bioethics 7 (3):168–170.
Eric Meslin (1994). The Give and Take of Organ Procurement. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 19 (1):61-78.
Josie Fisher (1999). An Expedient and Ethical Alternative to Xenotransplantation. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 2 (1):31-39.
S. Wilkinson & E. Garrard (1996). Bodily Integrity and the Sale of Human Organs. Journal of Medical Ethics 22 (6):334-339.
R. R. Kishore (2005). Human Organs, Scarcities, and Sale: Morality Revisited. Journal of Medical Ethics 31 (6):362-365.
Jeffrey P. Kahn (2003). Three Views of Organ Procurement Policy: Moving Ahead or Giving Up? Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 13 (1):45-50.
Mark Schweda & Silke Schicktanz (2009). The "Spare Parts Person"? Conceptions of the Human Body and Their Implications for Public Attitudes Towards Organ Donation and Organ Sale. Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 4 (1):4-.
Stephen Wilkinson (2000). Commodification Arguments for the Legal Prohibition of Organ Sale. Health Care Analysis 8 (2):189-201.
Michael B. Gill & Robert M. Sade (2002). Paying for Kidneys: The Case Against Prohibition. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 12 (1):17-45.
Mark J. Cherry (2000). Is a Market in Human Organs Necessarily Exploitative? Public Affairs Quarterly 14 (4):337--360.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads68 ( #31,185 of 1,696,507 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #183,308 of 1,696,507 )
How can I increase my downloads?