David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Many scholars have written about the changes in international humanitarian law in recent years. Many have seen this change in the environment of International humanitarian law as a result of greater application of human rights in this area of law. This article approaches the changes in international humanitarian law from a different perspective, that of law and economics. The main claim in this article is that recent changes in international humanitarian law could be seen as a change from a rule based normative system, to a standard based one. The differences between a rule system and a standard system lie not in the complexity of the norms, but in the questions of who makes decisions and when are decisions taken. In a rule - the decisions are taken before the fact, and in a standard - after the fact. This article then evaluates the advantages and disadvantages of this move from rules to standards, and offers some observations and future possibilities for research.
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