Computers, postmodernism and the culture of the artificial

AI and Society 8 (1):1-16 (1994)
Abstract
The term ‘the artificial’ can only be given a precise meaning in the context of the evolution of computational technology and this in turn can only be fully understood within a cultural setting that includes an epistemological perspective. The argument is illustrated in two case studies from the history of computational machinery: the first calculating machines and the first programmable computers. In the early years of electronic computers, the dominant form of computing was data processing which was a reflection of the dominant philosophy of logical positivism. By contrast, artificial intelligence (AI) adopted an anti-positivist position which left it marginalised until the 1980s when two camps emerged: technical AI which reverted to positivism, and strong AI which reified intelligence. Strong AI's commitment to the computer as a symbol processing machine and its use of models links it to late-modernism. The more directly experiential Virtual Reality (VR) more closely reflects the contemporary cultural climate of postmodernism. It is VR, rather than AI, that is more likely to form the basis of a culture of the artificial
Keywords History of computing  Data processing  Artificial intelligence  Virtual reality  Modernism  Postmodernism
Categories (categorize this paper)
Options
 Save to my reading list
Follow the author(s)
My bibliography
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Revision history Request removal from index
 
Download options
PhilPapers Archive


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy on self-archival     Papers currently archived: 10,350
External links
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library
References found in this work BETA
I. Hassan (1985). The Culture of Postmodernism. Theory, Culture and Society 2 (3):119-131.

View all 10 references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Similar books and articles
Larry Hauser, Searle's Chinese Room Argument. Field Guide to the Philosophy of Mind.
Analytics

Monthly downloads

Added to index

2010-08-30

Total downloads

9 ( #152,927 of 1,096,781 )

Recent downloads (6 months)

2 ( #164,128 of 1,096,781 )

How can I increase my downloads?

My notes
Sign in to use this feature


Discussion
Start a new thread
Order:
There  are no threads in this forum
Nothing in this forum yet.