Graduate studies at Western
|Abstract||The two theories that revolutionized physics in the twentieth century, relativity and quantum mechanics, are full of predictions that defy common sense. Recently, we used three such paradoxical ideas to prove “The Free Will Theorem” (strengthened here), which is the culmination of a series of theorems about quantum mechanics that began in the 1960s. It asserts, roughly, that if indeed we humans have free will, then elementary particles already have their own small share of this valuable commodity. More precisely, if the experimenter can freely choose the directions in which to orient his apparatus in a certain measurement, then the particle’s response (to be pedantic—the universe’s response near the particle) is not determined by the entire previous history of the universe. Our argument combines the well-known consequence of relativity theory, that the time order of space-like separated events is not absolute, with the EPR paradox discovered by Einstein, Podolsky, and Rosen in 1935, and the Kochen-Specker Paradox of 1967 (See .) We follow Bohm in using a spin version of EPR and Peres in using his set of 33 directions, rather than the original configuration used by Kochen and Specker. More contentiously, the argument also involves the notion of free will, but we postpone further discussion of this to the last section of the article. Note that our proof does not mention “probabilities” or the “states” that determine them, which is..|
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Only published papers are available at libraries|
Similar books and articles
Robert Clifton, Constantine Pagonis & Itamar Pitowsky (1992). Relativity, Quantum Mechanics and EPR. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1992:114 - 128.
Wim Christiaens (2004). The EPR-Experiment and Free Process Theory. Axiomathes 14 (1-3):267-283.
László E. Szabó, The Einstein--Podolsky--Rosen Argument and the Bell Inequalities. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Itamar Pitowsky (2004). Generalizations of Kochen and Specker's Theorem and the Effectiveness of Gleason's Theorem. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 35 (2):177-194.
Ehud Hrushovski & Itamar Pitowsky (2004). Generalizations of Kochen and Specker's Theorem and the Effectiveness of Gleason's Theorem. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 35 (2):177-194.
Added to index2009-09-30
Total downloads93 ( #9,117 of 740,545 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #61,957 of 740,545 )
How can I increase my downloads?