David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Political Studies 61 (1):178-196 (2013)
We develop and defend a distinction between two types of self-censorship: public and private. First, we suggest that public self-censorship refers to a range of individual reactions to a public censorship regime. Second, private self-censorship is the suppression by an agent of his or her own attitudes where a public censor is either absent or irrelevant. The distinction is derived from a descriptive approach to self-censorship that asks: who is the censor, who is the censee, and how do they interact? We label situations in which censor and censee are different agents as public self-censorship, and situations in which they are the same agents as private self-censorship. We demonstrate the salience of this distinction by analysing the case of publication of Mohammed cartoons by the Danish newspaper Jyllands-Posten. Our analysis reveals the presence and interaction of a number of different instances of private and public self-censorship. While our article is primarily concerned with establishing this novel descriptive distinction between public and private self-censorship, our analysis has important evaluative implications. We explain for instance how Jyllands-Posten was laudable as a public self-censor but not so as a private self-censor. In general, our analysis reveals that the agents and processes involved in public and private self-censorship are substantively different, as are the agents to whom normative principles regarding censorship should be applied. In particular, principles of free speech do not apply to the case of private self-censorship, because while an instance of censorship, the absence of an external censor makes the censorship non-coercive.
|Keywords||censorship self-censorship free speech Danish Mohammed cartoons|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
John Horton (2011). Self-Censorship. Res Publica 17 (1):91-106.
Judith Andre (1984). Poole on Obscenity and Censorship. Ethics 94 (3):496-500.
Gerald Keaney (2012). Strategies Against Pornography. Minerva (16):36-61. Free Online.
Sören Zibrandt von Dosenrode-Lynge (ed.) (2010). Freedom of the Press: On Censorship, Self-Censorship, and Press Ethics. Nomos.
Frances E. Gill (1999). Mill on Censorship. Philosophy in the Contemporary World 6 (1):33-37.
Glen Newey (2000). Censorship and Public Reason. The Philosophers' Magazine 11 (11):49-50.
J. Healy, (ed.) (2004). Censorship and Free Speech. The Spinney Press.
John Earman (1992). Cosmic Censorship. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1992:171 - 180.
W. A. McMullen (1972). Censorship and Participatory Democracy: A Paradox. Analysis 32 (6):207 - 208.
T. L. S. Sprigge (1990). The Satanic Novel: A Philosophical Dialogue on Blasphemy and Censorship. Inquiry 33 (4):377 – 400.
Added to index2012-07-03
Total downloads19 ( #94,164 of 1,101,947 )
Recent downloads (6 months)8 ( #34,117 of 1,101,947 )
How can I increase my downloads?