On Alan Turing's anticipation of connectionism

Synthese 108 (3):361-377 (1996)
  It is not widely realised that Turing was probably the first person to consider building computing machines out of simple, neuron-like elements connected together into networks in a largely random manner. Turing called his networks unorganised machines. By the application of what he described as appropriate interference, mimicking education an unorganised machine can be trained to perform any task that a Turing machine can carry out, provided the number of neurons is sufficient. Turing proposed simulating both the behaviour of the network and the training process by means of a computer program. We outline Turing's connectionist project of 1948
Keywords Computation  Computer  Connectionism  Metaphysics  Turing, A
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DOI 10.1007/BF00413694
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References found in this work BETA
Norbert Wiener (1961). Cybernetics. New York, M.I.T. Press.
W. Ross Ashby (1953). Design for a Brain. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 4 (14):169-173.
Alan Turing (1936). On Computable Numbers, with an Application to the Entscheidungsproblem. Proceedings of the London Mathematical Society 42 (1):230-265.

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