David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 70 (1):61-83 (2011)
While Hume has often been held to have been an agnostic or atheist, several contemporary scholars have argued that Hume was a theist. These interpretations depend chiefly on several passages in which Hume allegedly confesses to theism. In this paper, I argue against this position by giving a threshold characterization of theism and using it to show that Hume does not confess. His most important confession does not cross this threshold and the ones that do are often expressive rather than assertive. I then argue that Hume is best interpreted as an atheist. Instead of interpreting Hume as a proto-logical positivist and arguing on the basis of Hume’s theories of meaning and method, I show that textually he appears to align himself with atheism, that his arguments in the Dialogues on Natural Religion support atheism, and that this position is most consistent with Hume’s naturalism. But, I hold that his atheism is soft and therefore distinct from that of his peers like Baron d’Holbach—while Hume really does reject theism, he neither embraces a dogmatically materialist position nor takes up a purely polemical stance towards theism. I conclude by suggesting several ways in which Hume’s atheistic philosophy of religion is relevant to contemporary discussions
|Keywords||Hume Theism Atheism Soft atheism Pluralism Expressivism|
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References found in this work BETA
Shane Andre (1993). Was Hume an Atheist? Hume Studies 19 (1):141-166.
Stephen Buckle (2007). Hume's Sceptical Materialism. Philosophy 82 (4):553-578.
Nicholas Capaldi (1970). Hume's Philosophy of Religion: God Without Ethics. [REVIEW] International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 1 (4):233 - 240.
Samuel Clark (2009). No Abiding City: Hume, Naturalism, and Toleration. Philosophy 84 (1):75-94.
Timothy M. Costelloe (2004). `In Every Civilized Community': Hume on Belief and the Demise of Religion. [REVIEW] International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 55 (3):171-185.
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