Foundations of Science 5 (2):129-155 (2000)
|Abstract||Confronted with problems or situations that do not yield toknown theories and world views, scientists and students are alike. Theyare rarely able to directly build a model or a theory thereof. Rather,they must find ways to make sense of the circumstances using theircurrent knowledge and adjusting what is recognized in the process. Thisway of thinking, using past ways of perceiving the physical world tobuild new ones does not follow a logical path and cannot be described astheory revision. Likewise, in many situations it is awkward, indeedoften impossible, to resort to analogical reasoning to account for it.This paper presents a new mechanism, called `tunnel effect', that mayexplain, in part, how scientists and students reason while constructinga new conceptual domain. `Tunnel effect' is also contrasted withanalogical reasoning.|
|Keywords||analogy conceptual learning reasoning scientific discovery teaching of physics transfer mechanism|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
York Hagmayer, Björn Meder, Momme von Sydow & Michael R. Waldmann (2011). Category Transfer in Sequential Causal Learning: The Unbroken Mechanism Hypothesis. Cognitive Science 35 (5):842-873.
L. Magnani, N. J. Nersessian & P. Thagard (eds.) (1999). Model-Based Reasoning in Scientific Discovery. Kluwer/Plenum.
Daniel Rothbart (1984). The Semantics of Metaphor and the Structure of Science. Philosophy of Science 51 (4):595-615.
Joseph Rouse (2011). Articulating the World: Experimental Systems and Conceptual Understanding. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 25 (3):243 - 254.
Lindley Darden (2006). Reasoning in Biological Discoveries: Essays on Mechanisms, Interfield Relations, and Anomaly Resolution. Cambridge University Press.
Paul Thagard (1984). Conceptual Combination and Scientific Discovery. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1984:3 - 12.
Ingo Brigandt (2010). Scientific Reasoning Is Material Inference: Combining Confirmation, Discovery, and Explanation. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 24 (1):31-43.
Nancy J. Nersessian (1989). Conceptual Change in Science and in Science Education. Synthese 80 (1):163 - 183.
David L. Hull (1988). A Mechanism and its Metaphysics: An Evolutionary Account of the Social and Conceptual Development of Science. [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 3 (2):123-155.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads2 ( #245,680 of 722,731 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #60,247 of 722,731 )
How can I increase my downloads?