David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
European Journal of Philosophy 21 (2) (2013)
A predicate logic typically has a heterogeneous semantic theory. Subjects and predicates have distinct semantic roles: subjects refer; predicates characterize. A sentence expresses a truth if the object to which the subject refers is correctly characterized by the predicate. Traditional term logic, by contrast, has a homogeneous theory: both subjects and predicates refer; and a sentence is true if the subject and predicate name one and the same thing. In this paper, I will examine evidence for ascribing to Aristotle the view that subjects and predicates refer. If this is correct, then it seems that Aristotle, like the traditional term logician, problematically conflates predication and identity claims. I will argue that we can ascribe to Aristotle the view that both subjects and predicates refer, while holding that he would deny that a sentence is true just in case the subject and predicate name one and the same thing. In particular, I will argue that Aristotle's core semantic notion is not identity but the weaker relation of constitution. For example, the predication ‘All men are mortal’ expresses a true thought, in Aristotle's view, just in case the mereological sum of humans is a part of the mereological sum of mortals
|Keywords||aristotle predication reference|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Guy Politzer (2003). No Problem for Aristotle's Subject and Predicate. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (3):298-299.
George Englebretsen (1981). A Journey to Eden. Grazer Philosophische Studien 14:133-141.
Bo Mou (2008). A Subject-Comment Account of Predication. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 39:167-191.
Martha I. Gibson (1998). The Unity of the Sentence and the Connection of Causes. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 58 (4):827-845.
Lukáš Novák (2004). Sémantika vlastních jmen a identitní teorie predikace. Studia Neoaristotelica 1 (1/2):10-32.
Danny Frederick (2011). P. F. Strawson on Predication. Polish Journal of Philosophy 5 (1):39-57.
Alessandro Lenci (1998). The Structure of Predication. Synthese 114 (2):233-276.
Frank A. Lewis (1991). Substance and Predication in Aristotle. Cambridge University Press.
S. Marc Cohen (1978). Essentialism in Aristotle. Review of Metaphysics 31 (3):387-405.
Frank A. Lewis (2011). “Predication, Things, and Kinds in Aristotle's Metaphysics”. Phronesis 56 (4):350-387.
J. M. E. Moravcsik (1967). Aristotle. Garden City, N.Y.,Anchor Books.
J. M. E. Moravcsik (1968). Aristotle: A Collection of Critical Essays. Melbourne, Macmillan.
Shieva Kleinschmidt & Jacob Ross (2013). Repeatable Artwork Sentences and Generics. In Christy Mag Uidhir (ed.), Art and Abstract Objects. Oxford University Press.
Added to index2010-11-28
Total downloads102 ( #10,454 of 1,099,037 )
Recent downloads (6 months)5 ( #58,097 of 1,099,037 )
How can I increase my downloads?