David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Applied Artificial Intelligence 21:259-279 (2007)
The expression ‘‘artificial intelligence’’ (AI) was introduced by John McCarthy, and the official birth of AI is unanimously considered to be the 1956 Dartmouth Conference. Thus, AI turned fifty in 2006. How did AI begin? Several differently motivated analyses have been proposed as to its origins. In this paper a brief look at those that might be considered steps towards Dartmouth is attempted, with the aim of showing how a number of research topics and controversies that marked the short history of AI were touched on, or fairly well stated, during the year immediately preceding Dartmouth. The framework within which those steps were taken was the development of digital computers. Earlier computer applications in areas such as complex decision making and management, at that time dealt with by operations research techniques, were important in this story. The time was ripe for AI’s intriguingly tumultuous development, marked as it has been by hopes and defeats, successes and difficulties.
|Keywords||History of Artificial Intelligence Connectionism Artificial Neural Networks Bounded Rationality|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Roberto Cordeschi (2013). Automatic Decision-Making and Reliability in Robotic Systems: Some Implications in the Case of Robot Weapons. AI and Society 28 (4):431-441.
Similar books and articles
José Roberto Goldim (2009). Revisiting the Beginning of Bioethics: The Contribution of Fritz Jahr (1927). Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 52 (3):377-380.
Karl Ameriks (2004). The Key Role of Selbstgefühl in Philosophy's Aesthetic and Historical Turns. Critical Horizons 5 (1):27-52.
John Lechte (ed.) (1994). Fifty Key Contemporary Thinkers: From Structuralism to Postmodernity. Routledge.
Nakia S. Pope (2011). Hit by the Street: Dewey and Popular Culture. Education and Culture 27 (1):26-39.
I. C. Jarvie & Sandra Pralong (eds.) (1999/2003). Popper's Open Society After Fifty Years: The Continuing Relevance of Karl Popper. Routledge.
Thomas W. Polger (2011). Are Sensations Still Brain Processes? Philosophical Psychology 24 (1):1-21.
George Santayana (1933/1967). Some Turns of Thought in Modern Philosophy;. Freeport, N.Y.,Books for Libraries Press.
John Fandel (1963). Fifty-Fifty. Thought 38 (2):221-226.
Warren T. Reich (1996). Revisiting the Launching of the Kennedy Institute: Re-Visioning the Origins of Bioethics. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 6 (4):323-327.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads19 ( #89,058 of 1,101,679 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #292,019 of 1,101,679 )
How can I increase my downloads?