Mysticism and Science in the Pythagorean Tradition

Classical Quarterly 16 (3-4):137- (1922)
The object of this paper is to show that, in the sixth and fifth centuries B.C., two different and radically opposed systems of thought were elaborated within the Pythagorean school. They may be called respectively the mystical system and the scientific. All current accounts of Pythagoreanism known to me attempt to combine the traits of both systems in one composite picture, which naturally fails to hold together. The confusion goes back to Aristotle, who usually speaks indiscriminately of ‘the Pythagoreans,’ though now and then the phrase ‘some Pythagoreans’ indicates that he was aware of different currents within the school
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DOI 10.1017/S0009838800002718
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Chenyang Li (2008). The Ideal of Harmony in Ancient Chinese and Greek Philosophy. Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 7 (1):81-98.

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