Simmias Objection to Socrates in the Phaedo: Harmony, Symphony and Some Later Platonic/ Patristic Responses to the Mind/Soul-Body Question
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
International Journal of the Platonic Tradition 4 (2):147-162 (2011)
Simmias' famous epiphenomenalist analogy of the soul-body relation to the harmony and strings of a lyre (together with Cebes' subsequent objection) leads to Socrates' initial refutation and subsequent prolonged defense of soul's immortality in the Phaedo . It also yields in late antiquity significant treatments of the harmony relation by Plotinus ( Ennead III 6  4, 30-52) and Porphyry ( Sentences 18, 8-18) that present a larger context for viewing the nature of harmony in the soul and the psycho-somatic compound. But perhaps the most detailed treatment of the musical analogy, and certainly the most radical, is to be found in Gregory of Nyssa's De Hominis Opificio . Gregory's remarkable development of the musical instrument analogy provides a multi-layered analysis of interrelated causality on the mechanistic, physiological, psycho-somatic and intellectual/spiritual planes. Gregory not only sees mind/soul and body as radically equal and yet multilayered in their mutual development; he also refuses to restrict mind to the brain alone, for all physiological systems, in his view, are holistically and individually expressive of mind's activity. Gregory's theory is more innovative than Augustine's view of the mind/soul-body relation and, in my view, the most important account between Plotinus and Aquinas
|Keywords||attunement music mind soul body holistic functioning symphony harmony localization|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
J. S. & M. Gary (2008). Plotinus on the Soul's Omnipresence in Body. International Journal of the Platonic Tradition 2 (2):113-127.
M. Pakaluk (2003). Degrees of Separation in the "Phaedo". Phronesis 48 (2):89 - 115.
Michael Pakaluk (2003). Degrees of Separation in the Phaedo. Phronesis 48 (2):89-115.
G. Boys-Stones (2004). Phaedo of Elis and Plato on the Soul. Phronesis 49 (1):1 - 23.
Justin Skirry (2001). A Hylomorphic Interpretation of Descartes's Theory of Mind-Body Union. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 75:267-283.
Yufeng Wang (2008). The Justice of the Polis and the Justice of the Soul. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 2:191-196.
Brian Prince (2012). The Form of Soul in the Phaedo. Plato 11 11.
Corinne Painter (2004). Aristotle and Functionalism. Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 9 (1):53-77.
Marleen Rozemond (forthcoming). The Faces of Simplicity in Descartes’s Soul. In K. Corcilius, D. Perler & C. Helmig (eds.), The Parts of the Soul. De Gruyter.
Alexey R. Fokin (2009). The Relationship Between Soul and Spirit in Greek and Latin Patristic Thought. Faith and Philosophy 26 (5):599-614.
Sarah Broadie (2001). Soul and Body in Plato and Descartes. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 101 (3):295–308.
Denis O'Brien (2007). « Immortel » Et « Impérissable » Dans le Phédon de Platon. International Journal of the Platonic Tradition 1 (2):109-262.
Karel Thein (2012). A Much Disputed “Whole” at Phaedrus 270. Croatian Journal of Philosophy 12 (2):139-152.
Added to index2010-10-05
Total downloads21 ( #88,487 of 1,140,393 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #140,193 of 1,140,393 )
How can I increase my downloads?