Did Consciousness Evolve from Self-Paced Probing of the Environment, and Not from Reflexes?

Brain and Mind 1 (2):283-298 (2000)
Abstract
It is suggested that the anatomical structures whichmediate consciousness evolved as decisiveembellishments to a (non-conscious) design strategypresent even in the simplest monocellular organisms.Consciousness is thus not the pinnacle of ahierarchy whose base is the primitive reflex, becausereflexes require a nervous system, which the monocelldoes not possess. By postulating that consciousness isintimately connected to self-paced probing of theenvironment, also prominent in prokaryotic behavior,one can make mammalian neuroanatomy amenable todramatically simple rationalization
Keywords *Consciousness States  *Environment  *Mind  *Reflexes  *Theory of Evolution  Creativity  Intelligence
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Stuart R. Hameroff (1998). Did Consciousness Cause the Cambrian Evolutionary Explosion? In Stuart R. Hameroff, Alfred W. Kaszniak & A. C. Scott (eds.), Toward a Science of Consciousness II. MIT Press. 2--421.
Thomas Natsoulas (1993). The Importance of Being Conscious. Journal of Mind and Behavior 14 (4):317-40.
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