David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 8 (2):98-111 (1995)
Biotechnology increases commercialization of food production, which competes with food for home use. Most people in the world grow their own food, and are more secure without the mediation of the market. To the extent that biotechnology enhances market competitiveness, world food security will decrease. This instability will result in a greater gap between rich and poor, increasing poverty of women and children, less ability and incentive to protect the environment, and greater need for militarization to maintain order. Therefore, biotechnology should be discouraged. An active program to protect and strengthen local food production and to decrease reliance on industrial agriculture should be promoted.
|Keywords||biotechnology sustainable agriculture subsistence women farmers genetic engineering agricultural ethics|
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References found in this work BETA
Martha Crouch (1991). The Very Structure of Scientific Research Mitigates Against Developing Products to Help the Environment, the Poor, and the Hungry. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 4 (2):151-158.
Roger N. Beachy (1991). The Very Structure of Scientific Research Does Not Mitigate Against Developing Products to Help the Environment, the Poor, and the Hungry. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 4 (2):159-165.
D. Christodoulou (1992). The Unpromised Land: Agrarian Reform and Conflict Worldwide. Environmental Values 1 (2):183-184.
Henk Hobbelink (1993). Biotechnology and the Future of World Agriculture. Environmental Values 2 (1):83-84.
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