Organization-harm vs. organization-gain ethical issues: An exploratory examination of the effects of organizational commitment [Book Review]
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Journal of Business Ethics 80 (2):225 - 235 (2008)
The existing literature on the relationship between organizational commitment and ethical decision making suggests that ethical decision makers with higher organizational commitment are less likely to engage in ethically questionable behaviors. The ethical behaviors previously studied in an organizational commitment context have been organization-harm issues in which the organization was harmed and the individual benefited (e.g., overstating an expense report). There is another class of ethical issues in an organizational context, however. These other issues, termed organization-gain issues, focus on the organization obtaining a benefit while outsiders, such as investors, are harmed (e.g., overstating reported revenue). We explore whether individuals with higher organizational commitment are more or less likely to engage in questionable behaviors that benefit the organization. Results of our study indicate that individuals with higher organizational commitment are less likely to engage in ethically questionable behaviors, regardless of whether the behaviors are organization-harm or organizational-gain issues.
|Keywords||ethical decision making organizational commitment organizational-gain organization-harm|
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References found in this work BETA
Dove Izraeli (1988). Ethical Beliefs and Behavior Among Managers: A Cross-Cultural Perspective. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 7 (4):263 - 271.
Effy Oz (2001). Organizational Commitment and Ethical Behavior: An Empirical Study of Information System Professionals. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 34 (2):137 - 142.
William E. Shafer (2002). Ethical Pressure, Organizational-Professional Conflict, and Related Work Outcomes Among Management Accountants. Journal of Business Ethics 38 (3):263 - 275.
Thomas Li-Ping Tang & Randy K. Chiu (2003). Income, Money Ethic, Pay Satisfaction, Commitment, and Unethical Behavior: Is the Love of Money the Root of Evil for Hong Kong Employees? [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 46 (1):13 - 30.
Citations of this work BETA
Joaquín Camps & Antonio Majocchi (2010). Learning Atmosphere and Ethical Behavior, Does It Make Sense? Journal of Business Ethics 94 (1):129 - 147.
Jana L. Craft (2013). A Review of the Empirical Ethical Decision-Making Literature: 2004–2011. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 117 (2):221-259.
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