Formal Dialectic in Fallacy Inquiry: An Unintelligible Circumscription of Argumentative Rationality? [Book Review]
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Argumentation 17 (2):161-183 (2003)
Since its inception in the work on fallacies of Charles Hamblin, formal dialectic has been the object of an unparalleled level of optimism concerning the potential of its analytical contribution to fallacy inquiry. This optimism has taken the form of a rapid proliferation of formal dialectical studies of arguments in general and fallacious arguments in particular under the auspices of theorists such as Jim Mackenzie and John Woods and Douglas Walton, to name but a few. Notwithstanding the interest in, and the hopes for, a formal dialectical analysis of the fallacies, such an analysis, I will demonstrate subsequently, leads to much unintelligibility in fallacy inquiry. The context of my argument will be the philosophical views of Hilary Putnam, particularly Putnam's claim that when we theorise in relation to rationality, the unintelligibility of the conception of rationality to emerge from this theoretical process can be traced to the circumscription of rationality within this theoretical process. I charge formal dialectic with effecting a similar circumscription of argumentative rationality, a circumscription that, I will claim, is generative of unintelligibility in formal dialectical analyses of the fallacies. In this case, the context for my claims will be the formal dialectical analyses of Walton and Batten, Rescher, Hamblin, Mackenzie and Hintikka, primarily in relation to the petitio principii fallacy. My conclusion examines a number of the reasons, both historical and conceptual, which have made it seem that it is possible to fully circumscribe the notion of argumentative rationality.
|Keywords||(argumentative) rationality circumscription evidential priority/precedence formal dialectic Hilary Putnam metaphysical standpoint petitio principii Rescherian plausibility theorising unintelligibility|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Louise Cummings (2004). Rejecting the Urge to Theorise in Fallacy Inquiry. Argumentation 18 (1):61-94.
Louise Cummings (2002). Hilary Putnam's Dialectical Thinking: An Application to Fallacy Theory. [REVIEW] Argumentation 16 (2):197-229.
Erik C. W. Krabbe (2013). Topical Roots of Formal Dialectic. Argumentation 27 (1):71-87.
David Botting (2011). Can 'Big' Questions Be Begged? Argumentation 25 (1):23-36.
Louise Cummings (2004). Argument as Cognition: A Putnamian Criticism of Dale Hample's Cognitive Conception of Argument. Argumentation 18 (3):191-209.
Michał Tyburski (2009). Cyrkumskrypcja: formalizacja rozumowania niemonotonicznego w logice drugiego rzędu. Filozofia Nauki 1.
Thomas Sturm (2012). The “Rationality Wars” in Psychology: Where They Are and Where They Could Go. Inquiry 55 (1):66-81.
Marco Rühl (1999). The Revelation Argument. A 'Communicational Fallacy'. Argumentation 13 (1):73-96.
Pieter Sjoerd Hasper (2013). The Ingredients of Aristotle's Theory of Fallacy. Argumentation 27 (1):31-47.
Louise Cummings (2000). Mind and Body, Form and Content: How Not to Do Petitio Principii Analysis. Philosophical Papers 29 (2):73-105.
Elena Leonteva (2008). Rationality in General And its Specific Type. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 53:163-169.
Lorenz B. Puntel (1996). Lässt Sich der Begriff der Dialektik Klären? Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 27 (1):131 - 165.
Paola Cantù (2007). Is Common Ground a Word or Just a Sound? In H. V. Hanson (ed.), Proceedings of the International Conference: Dissensus & The Search for Common Ground. Ontario Society for the Study of Argumentation 1--9.
Added to index2010-09-11
Total downloads10 ( #314,267 of 1,790,117 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #426,070 of 1,790,117 )
How can I increase my downloads?