David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
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British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 37 (1):135-161 (1986)
Historians should not use their own up-to-date methodologies to judge the rationality or correctness of the research strategies of scientists in history. For the history of science is, in part, the history of the rational growth of methodology and the historian's own up-to-date methodology is, in part, a product of the scientific revolutions of the past. Historians who use their own methodologies to judge the rationality of past research strategies are being too wise after the event. I show, using the case of Charles Darwin, how we can judge the rationality and correctness of research strategies and revolutions without being too wise after the event. I do this by rejecting the idea that methodologies double as rationality theories and by drawing instead on Popper's competing view of rationality as critical debate
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Citations of this work BETA
David K. Nartonis (2008). How the Philosophy of Science Changed Religion at Nineteenth-Century Harvard. Zygon 43 (3):639-650.
Ronald Curtis (1989). Institutional Individualism and the Emergence of Scientific Rationality. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 20 (1):77-113.
Scott A. Kleiner (1988). The Logic of Discovery and Darwin's Pre-Malthusian Researches. Biology and Philosophy 3 (3):293-315.
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