David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Consciousness and Cognition 8 (4):497-509 (1999)
This article reports a study comparing the effects of a single dose of alcohol with a matched placebo drink on recognition memory with and without conscious recollection. A double-blind, cross-over design was used with healthy volunteers who were all social drinkers. Processing depth at study was manipulated using generate versus read instructions. Conscious recollection at test was assessed using the remember-know-guess paradigm (Gardiner, 1988; Tulving, 1985). Alcohol significantly reduced conscious recollection (remember responses) but had no effect on recognition in the absence of conscious recollection (know responses). False alarms rates were low and unaffected by alcohol. Previous findings that generation effects are found only for remember responses were closely replicated. A further dissociation of the generation effect occurred between treatments in that deeper processing at study facilitated recognition on placebo but not on alcohol. That both alcohol and depth of processing produce dissociative effects on recollective experience provides further evidence that remembering and knowing reflect distinct memory systems.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
John M. Gardiner & A. J. Parkin (1990). Attention and Recollective Experience in Recognition Memory. Memory and Cognition 18:579-583.
Philip J. Pauly (1996). How Did the Effects of Alcohol on Reproduction Become Scientifically Uninteresting? Journal of the History of Biology 29 (1):1 - 28.
T. Walker (2010). Why We Should Not Set a Minimum Price Per Unit of Alcohol. Public Health Ethics 3 (2):107-114.
Dorothea Debus (2008). Experiencing the Past: A Relational Account of Recollective Memory. Dialectica 62 (4):405-432.
Richard Nault (2000). Heavy Drinking on Campus. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 14 (2):157-160.
Raymond Anton (2010). Substance Abuse Is a Disease of the Human Brain: Focus on Alcohol. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 38 (4):735-744.
Mark D. Reid (2005). Memory as Initial Experiencing of the Past. Philosophical Psychology 18 (6):671-698.
J. M. Gardiner, C. Ramponi & A. Richardson-Klavehn (1999). Response Deadline and Subjective Awareness in Recognition Memory. Consciousness and Cognition 8 (4):484-496.
John M. Gardiner, C. Ramponi & A. Richardson-Klavehn (1998). Experiences of Remembering, Knowing, and Guessing. Consciousness and Cognition 7 (1):1-26.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads5 ( #227,451 of 1,101,779 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #117,143 of 1,101,779 )
How can I increase my downloads?