David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Consciousness and Cognition 18 (2):500-514 (2009)
Primordial emotions are the subjective element of the instincts which are the genetically programmed behaviour patterns which contrive homeostasis. They include thirst, hunger for air, hunger for food, pain and hunger for specific minerals etc.There are two constituents of a primordial emotion—the specific sensation which when severe may be imperious, and the compelling intention for gratification by a consummatory act. They may dominate the stream of consciousness, and can have plenipotentiary power over behaviour.It is hypothesized that early in animal evolution complex reflex mechanisms in the basal brain subserving homeostatic responses, in concert with elements of the reticular activating system subserving arousal, melded functionally with regions embodied in the progressive rostral development of the telencephalon. This included the emergent limbic and paralimbic areas, and the insula. This phylogenetically ancient organization subserved the origin of consciousness as the primordial emotion, which signalled that the organisms existence was immediately threatened. Neuroimaging confirms major activations in regions of the basal brain during primordial emotions in humans. The behaviour of decorticate humans and animals is discussed in relation to the possible existence of primitive awareness.Neuroimaging of the primordial emotions reveals that rapid gratification of intention by a consummatory act such as ingestion causes precipitate decline of both the initiating sensation and the intention. There is contemporaneous rapid disappearance of particular regions of brain activation which suggests they may be part of the jointly sufficient and severally necessary activations and deactivations which correlate with consciousness [Crick, F. & Koch, C. . A framework for consciousness. NatureNeuroscience,6, 119–126]
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
William James (1890/1981). The Principles of Psychology. Dover Publications.
John R. Searle (1984). Minds, Brains and Science. Harvard University Press.
Francis Crick & Christof Koch (2003). A Framework for Consciousness. Nature Neuroscience 6:119-26.
Adrian M. Owen, Martin R. Coleman, Melanie Boly, Matthew H. Davis, Steven Laureys, Dietsje Jolles & John D. Pickard (2006). Detecting Awareness in the Conscious State. Science 313:1402.
Stanislas Dehaene, Michel Kerszberg & Jean-Pierre Changeux (2001). A Neuronal Model of a Global Workspace in Effortful Cognitive Tasks. Pnas 95 (24):14529-14534.
Citations of this work BETA
Lonnie W. Aarssen (2010). Darwinism and Meaning. Biological Theory 5 (4):296-311.
Mohamed Y. Rady & Joseph L. Verheijde (2014). Nonconsensual Withdrawal of Nutrition and Hydration in Prolonged Disorders of Consciousness: Authoritarianism and Trustworthiness in Medicine. Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 9 (1):16.
Bjørn Grinde (2013). The Evolutionary Rationale for Consciousness. Biological Theory 7 (3):227-236.
Similar books and articles
Mark Devon (2006). The Origin of Emotions. Booksurge.
Huping Hu & Maoxin Wu, Thinking Outside the Box II: The Origin, Implications and Applications of Gravity and its Role in Consciousness.
Jesse M. Bering & Todd K. Shackelford (2004). The Causal Role of Consciousness: A Conceptual Addendum to Human Evolutionary Psychology. Review of General Psychology 8 (4):227-248.
D. Evans & Pierre Cruse (eds.) (2004). Emotion, Evolution, and Rationality. Oxford University Press.
Shaun Nichols & Todd A. Grantham (2000). Adaptive Complexity and Phenomenal Consciousness. Philosophy of Science 67 (4):648-670.
Jesse J. Prinz (2004). Which Emotions Are Basic? In D. Evans & Pierre Cruse (eds.), Emotion, Evolution, and Rationality. Oxford University Press 69--87.
C. Grace & James P. Moreland (2002). Intelligent Design Psychology and Evolutionary Psychology on Consciousness: Turning Water Into Wine. Journal of Psychology and Theology 30 (1):51-67.
Iris M. Yob (1997). The Cognitive Emotions and Emotional Cognitions. Studies in Philosophy and Education 16 (1/2):43-57.
Christine Clavien (2009). Comment Comprendre les Émotions Morales. Dialogue 48 (3):601.
Jack Barbalet (2004). Consciousness, Emotions and Science. In Jonathan H. Turner (ed.), Advances in Group Processes, Vol 21: Theory and Research on Human Emotions. Elsevier Science 245-272.
Keith Oatley & Philip N. Johnson-Laird (2011). Basic Emotions in Social Relationships, Reasoning, and Psychological Illnesses. Emotion Review 3 (4):424-433.
Luc Ciompi (2003). Reflections on the Role of Emotions in Consciousness and Subjectivity, From the Perspective of Affect-Logic. Consciousness and Emotion 4 (2):181-196.
Maria Antonaccio (2001). Picturing the Soul: Moral Psychology and the Recovery of the Emotions. [REVIEW] Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 4 (2):127-141.
Added to index2010-08-24
Total downloads33 ( #120,164 of 1,796,189 )
Recent downloads (6 months)12 ( #60,296 of 1,796,189 )
How can I increase my downloads?