David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Bioethics 22 (5):269–277 (2008)
The gestational surrogate – and her economic and educational vulnerability in particular – is the focus of many of the most persistent worries about paid surrogacy. Those who employ her, and those who broker and organize her services, usually have an advantage over her in resources and information. That asymmetry exposes her to the possibility of exploitation and abuse. Accordingly, some argue for banning paid surrogacy. Others defend legal permission on grounds of surrogate autonomy, but often retain concerns about the surrogate. In response to the dilemma of a ban versus bald permission, we propose a 'soft law' approach: states should require several hours of education of surrogates – education aimed at informing and enhancing surrogate autonomy.
|Keywords||surrogate motherhood contract pregnancy surrogacy|
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References found in this work BETA
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Citations of this work BETA
Vida Panitch (2013). Global Surrogacy: Exploitation to Empowerment. Journal of Global Ethics 9 (3):329-343.
Jyotsna Agnihotri Gupta (2012). Reproductive Biocrossings: Indian Egg Donors and Surrogates in the Globalized Fertility Market. International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 5 (1):25-51.
Ben Fraser (2013). The Reluctant Mercenary: Vulnerability and the 'Whores of War'. Journal of Military Ethics 12 (3):235-251.
Jenni Millbank (2015). Rethinking “Commercial” Surrogacy in Australia. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 12 (3):477-490.
Louise Anna Helena Ramskold & Marcus Paul Posner (2013). Commercial Surrogacy: How Provisions of Monetary Remuneration and Powers of International Law Can Prevent Exploitation of Gestational Surrogates. Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (6):397-402.
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