David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
It is “well known” that in linear models: (1) testable constraints on the marginal distribution of observed variables distinguish certain cases in which an unobserved cause jointly influences several observed variables; (2) the technique of “instrumental variables” sometimes permits an estimation of the influence of one variable on another even when the association between the variables may be confounded by unobserved common causes; (3) the association (or conditional probability distribution of one variable given another) of two variables connected by a path or pair of paths with a single common vertex (a trek) can be computed directly from the parameter values associated with each edge in the trek; (4) the association of two variables produced by multiple treks can be computed from the parameters associated with each trek; and (5) the independence of two variables conditional on a third implies the corresponding independence of the sums of the variables over all units conditional on the sums over all units of each of the original conditioning variables.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library||
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Teddy Seidenfeld, Mark J. Schervish & Joseph B. Kadane, Preference for Equivalent Random Variables: A Price for Unbounded Utilities.
Robin Hirsch, Ian Hodkinson & Roger D. Maddux (2002). Provability with Finitely Many Variables. Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 8 (3):348-379.
Natasha Alechina (2000). Functional Dependencies Between Variables. Studia Logica 66 (2):273-283.
Stephen J. Montgomery-Smith & Alexander R. Pruss, A Comparison Inequality for Sums of Independent Random Variables.
Philip G. Calabrese (2003). Operating on Functions with Variable Domains. Journal of Philosophical Logic 32 (1):1-18.
Anna Szabolcsi (1987). Bound Variables in Syntax (Are There Any?). In J. Groenendijk, F. Veltman & M. Stokhof (eds.), Sixth Amsterdam Colloquium Proceedings. Univ of Amsterdam
Peter Spirtes, A Polynomial Time Algorithm for Determining Dag Equivalence in the Presence of Latent Variables and Selection Bias.
John A. Barnden & Kankanahalli Srinivas (1996). Quantification Without Variables in Connectionism. Minds and Machines 6 (2):173-201.
Clark Glymour & Richard Scheines, On the Number of Experiments Suﬃcient and in the Worst Case Necessary to Identify All Causal Relations Among N Variables.
Hans-Rolf Gregorius (2011). The Analysis of Association Between Traits When Differences Between Trait States Matter. Acta Biotheoretica 59 (3):213-229.
Clark Glymour (2007). When is a Brain Like the Planet? Philosophy of Science 74 (3):330-347.
Added to index2010-12-22
Total downloads28 ( #148,048 of 1,934,650 )
Recent downloads (6 months)4 ( #145,854 of 1,934,650 )
How can I increase my downloads?