Mind and Society 3 (2):81-96 (2002)
|Abstract||Stigmata, wounds resembling those of Christ, have been reported since the 13th century. The wounds typically appear in association with visions following prolonged fasting. This paper argues that self-starvation holds the key to understanding this unique event. Stigmata may result from self-mutilation occurring during dissociation, phenomena precipitated in part by dietary constriction. Psychophysiological mechanisms produced by natural selection adjust the salience of risk in light of current resource abundance. As a result, artificial dietary constriction results in indifference to harm. A variety of data links dramatic dietary constriction, reduced serotonergic functioning, altered states of consciousness, and self-injurious behavior. Catholic representations of Christ's crucifixion provide a cultural context that both motivates and lends meaning to the experiences of individuals whose predispositions and life histories increase the likelihood of dietary constriction, dissociation, and self-mutilation. Examining this case raises interesting questions about both the evolutionary and the cultural grounds for defining individual psychopathology|
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||No categories specified (fix it)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Nandita Biswas Mellamphy (2011). The Three Stigmata of Friedrich Nietzsche: Political Physiology in the Age of Nihilism. Palgrave Macmillan.
Daniel John Zizzo (2005). Serotonin, Dopamine, and Cooperation. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (3):370-370.
D. M. T. Fessler (2003). The Implications of Starvation Induced Psychological Changes for the Ethical Treatment of Hunger Strikers. Journal of Medical Ethics 29 (4):243-247.
Balaganapathi Devarakonda (2009). Richness of Indian Symbolism and Changing Perspectives. In Paata Chkheidze, Hoang Thi To & Yaroslav Pasko (eds.), Symbols in Cultures and Identities in a Time of Global Interaction.
Arthur MacDonald (1908). Moral Stigmata of Degeneration. The Monist 18 (1):111-123.
Simon N. Young & D. S. Moskowitz (2005). Serotonin and Affiliative Behavior. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (3):367-368.
Claire Thomas (2005). Civilian Starvation: A Just Tactic of War? Journal of Military Ethics 4 (2):108-118.
J. Patrick Gray & Linda Wolfe (1980). I. The Loving Parent Meets the Selfish Gene. Inquiry 23 (2):233 – 242.
Karmen MacKendrick (2009). Sharing God's Wounds : Laceration, Communication, and Stigmata. In Andrew J. Mitchell & Jason Kemp Winfree (eds.), The Obsessions of Georges Bataille: Community and Communication. State University of New York Press.
Added to index2010-08-10
Total downloads3 ( #201,930 of 549,087 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #63,317 of 549,087 )
How can I increase my downloads?