David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Thinking and Reasoning 15 (3):237-249 (2011)
The “Tower of London” puzzle was adapted to tablet PCs to be used as a clinical bedside test. “Iso-problems”, a specific class of problems, require identical moves but ball colours are permuted. Thus difficulty is the same even if the appearance is different. We wanted to determine the impact of these as yet little-studied tasks and hypothesised that there may be a learning effect specific to them (the “iso-effect”). We interspersed a set of six iso-problems within one selection of 22 tasks and analysed problem solving by 81 healthy adults (mean age 41.6 years). Participants showed learning across iso-problems (less time, fewer moves, increasingly efficient solutions). This effect was distinct from general learning, as was obvious from comparison with a series of non-isomorphic tasks. However, participants seem not to be aware of solving such problems. This “iso-effect” may be related to implicit memory, a domain that so far has not been assessed using the Tower of London
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
A. H. Faber, N. Kühnpast, F. Sürer, A. M. Hinz & A. Danek (2009). The Iso-Effect: Is There Specific Learning of Tower of London Iso-Problems? Thinking and Reasoning 15 (3):237 – 249.
A. Danek, A. M. Hinz, F. Sürer, N. Kühnpast & A. H. Faber (2011). The Iso-Effect: Is There Specific Learning of Tower of London Iso-Problems? Thinking and Reasoning 15 (3):237-249.
Aldo Zanga & Jean-Fran (2004). Implicit Learning in Rule Induction and Problem Solving. Thinking and Reasoning 10 (1):55 – 83.
Maria Rosa Rovira Val, Anna Zinenko & Ivan Montiel (2011). Corporate Social Responsibility Instruments and the New ISO 26000. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 22:316-326.
Magali A. Delmas & Ivan Montiel (2005). The International Diffusion of ISO 14001 in the Chemical Industry. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 16:200-204.
Michaela A. Balzarova & Pavel Castka (2012). Stakeholders' Influence and Contribution to Social Standards Development: The Case of Multiple Stakeholder Approach to ISO 26000 Development. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 111 (2):265-279.
Ivana S. Mijatovic & Dusan Stokic (2010). The Influence of Internal and External Codes on CSR Practice: The Case of Companies Operating in Serbia. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 94 (4):533 - 552.
F. Otto Schrader (1934). Indian Idealism. By Surendranath Dasgupta, M.A., Ph.D. (London: Cambridge University Press. 1933. Pp. Xxiii + 206. Price ISO. 6d.). [REVIEW] Philosophy 9 (36):493-.
Barry Smith (2006). Against Idiosyncrasy in Ontology Development. In Formal Ontology in Information Systems (FOIS).
E. P. Fulcher & M. Hammerl (2001). When All is Revealed: A Dissociation Between Evaluative Learning and Contingency Awareness. Consciousness and Cognition 10 (4):524-549.
Jean E. Pretz & Corinne Zimmerman (2011). When the Goal Gets in the Way: The Interaction of Goal Specificity and Task Difficulty. Thinking and Reasoning 15 (4):405-430.
Iso Kern (1986). Trinity: Theological Reflections of a Phenomenologist. In Essays in Phenomenological Theology. Suny Pr.
Magda Osman (2008). Observation Can Be as Effective as Action in Problem Solving. Cognitive Science 32 (1):162-183.
Added to index2010-08-25
Total downloads7 ( #188,122 of 1,102,759 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #296,987 of 1,102,759 )
How can I increase my downloads?