Does One Size Fit All? Examining the Differential Effects of Is Security Countermeasures

Journal of Business Ethics 89 (1):59 - 71 (2009)
Research from the fields of criminology and social psychology suggests that the deterrent effect of security countermeasures is not uniform across individuals. In this study, we examine whether certain individual characteristics (i. e., computer self-efficacy) or work arrangement (i. e., virtual status) moderate the influence of security policies, security education, training, and awareness (SETA) program, and computer monitoring on information systems misuse. The results suggest that computer savvy individuals are less deterred by SETA programs and computer monitoring, while these countermeasures are also less influential (from a deterrence perspective) on employees that spend more working days outside the office. Implications for both the research and practice of information security are discussed.
Keywords information systems security  deterrence theory  computer ethics  information security management  computer self-efficacy  differential deterrence hypothesis  virtual work
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