Predicting the Long-Term Effects of Human-Robot Interaction: A Reflection on Responsibility in Medical Robotics [Book Review]

Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (1):139-160 (2013)
Abstract
This article addresses prospective and retrospective responsibility issues connected with medical robotics. It will be suggested that extant conceptual and legal frameworks are sufficient to address and properly settle most retrospective responsibility problems arising in connection with injuries caused by robot behaviours (which will be exemplified here by reference to harms occurred in surgical interventions supported by the Da Vinci robot, reported in the scientific literature and in the press). In addition, it will be pointed out that many prospective responsibility issues connected with medical robotics are nothing but well-known robotics engineering problems in disguise, which are routinely addressed by roboticists as part of their research and development activities: for this reason they do not raise particularly novel ethical issues. In contrast with this, it will be pointed out that novel and challenging prospective responsibility issues may emerge in connection with harmful events caused by normal robot behaviours. This point will be illustrated here in connection with the rehabilitation robot Lokomat
Keywords Responsibility in medical robotics  Robo-ethics  Ethical issues concerning rehabilitation robotics  Liability in robotic-assisted surgery  Philosophy of science
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References found in this work BETA
Jules L. Coleman, Theories of Tort Law. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Andrew Eshleman, Moral Responsibility. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

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