Graduate studies at Western
Croatian Journal of Philosophy 5 (2):345-357 (2005)
|Abstract||Scott Atran has argued that scientific thinking about living things necessarily emerges out of a common-sense structure of ideas which reflects the ways in which humans are constitutionally disposed to think about ‘manifestly perceivable empirical fact’. He maintains that the uniformity in folk-biological taxonomy under diverse socio-cultural learning conditions established by recent ethnobiological research undermines the predominant view that folk classifications of living things are a function of local interests and culture, and he further maintains that such uniformity must be grounded in species-specific and domain-specific cognitive capacities. I consider certain philosophically controversial lessons that Atran wishes to draw from these claims, concerning (a) philosophical theories of natural kinds, and (b) the ‘reality’ of folk-biological kinds and the relation between such kinds and the kinds posited by biological science. I argue that, even if we grant the ethnobiological evidence to which he appeals, such evidencedoes not bear upon the philosophical issues in the ways that he proposes|
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Adee Matan & Sidney Strauss (1998). Relations Between Innate Endowments, Cognitive Development, Domain Specificity, and a Taxonomy-Creator. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (4):584-584.
Michael Thompson (1998). The Living Individual and its Kind. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (4):591-591.
Eugene S. Hunn (1998). Atran's Biodiversity Parser: Doubts About Hierarchy and Autonomy. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (4):576-577.
James Maffie (1998). Atran's Evolutionary Psychology: “Say It Ain't Just-so, Joe”. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (4):583-584.
Remo Job & Luca Surian (1998). A Neurocognitive Mechanism for Folk Biology? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (4):577-578.
James A. Hampton (1998). Folk Biology and External Definitions. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (4):574-574.
Scott Atran (1998). Taxonomic Ranks, Generic Species, and Core Memes. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (4):593-604.
Robert E. MacLaury (1998). Domain-Specificity in Folk Biology and Color Categorization: Modularity Versus Global Process. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (4):582-583.
Marc Ereshefsky (2004). Bridging the Gap Between Human Kinds and Biological Kinds. Philosophy of Science 71 (5):912-921.
Barbara Saunders (1998). What is Empirical About Atran's Taxonomies? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (4):587-588.
Scott Atran (1987). Ordinary Constraints on the Semantics of Living Kinds: A Commonsense Alternative to Recent Treatments of Natural-Object Terms. Mind and Language 2 (1):27-63.
John S. Wilkins (forthcoming). Biological Essentialism and the Tidal Change of Natural Kinds. Science and Education.
Michael Ruse (1987). Biological Species: Natural Kinds, Individuals, or What? British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 38 (2):225-242.
Susan C. Johnson (1998). Folk Taxonomies and Folk Theories: The Case of Williams Syndrome. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (4):578-579.
Nick Haslam (2002). Kinds of Kinds: A Conceptual Taxonomy of Psychiatric Categories. Philosophy, Psychiatry, & Psychology 9 (3):203-217.
Sorry, there are not enough data points to plot this chart.
Added to index2011-12-01
Total downloads1 ( #292,081 of 739,325 )
Recent downloads (6 months)0
How can I increase my downloads?