David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 5 (3):80-85 (2002)
Cosmopolitanism, originally a doctrine of world citizenship, has come in recent political philosophy to mean simply an ethical outlook in which every human being is equally an object of moral concern. However ethical cosmopolitans slide from this moral truism to deny, controversially, that as agents we have special duties of limited scope. Political communities create relations of reciprocity between their citizens and pursue projects that reflect culturally specific values and beliefs, generating special duties among fellow-members. Strong cosmopolitanism would require the creation of a world government, and this could only be an imperialist project in which existing cultural differences were either nullified or privatised
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John Pearson (2011). National Responsibility, Global Justice and Exploitation: A Preliminary Analysis. Journal of Global Ethics 7 (3):321-335.
Ronald Tinnevelt & Helder Schutteder (2008). Global Justice as Justice for a World of Largely Independent Nations? From Dualism to a Multi-Level Ethical Position. Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 11 (4):519-538.
Andrew Peterson (2012). The Educational Limits of Ethical Cosmopolitanism: Towards the Importance of Virtue in Cosmopolitan Education and Communities. British Journal of Educational Studies 60 (3):227 - 242.
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