David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Science and Engineering Ethics 14 (2):395-414 (2008)
There has been relatively little empirical research into the causes of research misconduct. To begin to address this void, the authors collected data from closed case files of the Office of Research Integrity (ORI). These data were in the form of statements extracted from ORI file documents including transcripts, investigative reports, witness statements, and correspondence. Researchers assigned these statements to 44 different concepts. These concepts were then analyzed using multidimensional scaling and cluster analysis. The authors chose a solution consisting of seven clusters: (1) personal and professional stressors, (2) organizational climate, (3) job insecurities, (4) rationalizations A, (5) personal inhibitions, (6) rationalizations B and, (7) personality factors. The authors discuss the implications of their findings for policy and for future research.
|Keywords||Research integrity Research misconduct Responsible conduct of research|
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References found in this work BETA
Peter Jay (1999). Research Misconduct—Have We Reached the Turning Point at Last? Science and Engineering Ethics 5 (1):119-122.
Tom Jefferson (1998). Redundant Publication in Biomedical Sciences: Scientific Misconduct or Necessity? [REVIEW] Science and Engineering Ethics 4 (2):135-140.
Anne Hudson Jones (2003). Can Authorship Policies Help Prevent Scientific Misconduct? What Role for Scientific Societies? Science and Engineering Ethics 9 (2):243-256.
C. Whitbeck (1995). Truth and Trustworthiness in Research. Science and Engineering Ethics 1 (4):403-416.
Patricia Woolf (1981). Fraud in Science: How Much, How Serious? Hastings Center Report 11 (5):9-14.
Citations of this work BETA
James M. DuBois, Emily E. Anderson, Kelly Carroll, Tyler Gibb, Elena Kraus, Timothy Rubbelke & Meghan Vasher (2011). Environmental Factors Contributing to Wrongdoing in Medicine: A Criterion-Based Review of Studies and Cases. Ethics and Behavior 22 (3):163 - 188.
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