Examples as method? My attempts to understand assessment and fairness (in the spirit of the later wittgenstein)
Journal of Philosophy of Education 43 (3):371-389 (2009)
|Abstract||What is 'fairness' in the context of educational assessment? I apply this question to a number of contemporary educational assessment practices and policies. My approach to philosophy of education owes much to Wittgenstein. A commentary set apart from the main body of the paper focuses on my style of philosophising. Wittgenstein teaches us to examine in depth the fine-grained complexities of social phenomena and to refrain from imposing abstract theory on a recalcitrant reality. I write philosophy of education for policy makers and teachers. Scrutiny of examples plays a vital role in communicating with such an audience. Starting points include 'accommodations' for disabled students, allegedly gender-biased tests, and the recruitment procedures of 'elitist' music conservatoires. A key intuition that fairness is associated with test validity turns out to be seriously flawed. Problems centre on the idea of a 'construct', and the supposed divide between an underlying construct and its behavioural manifestations. Equality of opportunity notions underlie some accusations of unfairness but there are alternative approaches to a just society. Both the judgments about fairness, and the proposed remedies are open to serious philosophical criticisms. There are widespread conceptual difficulties, together with inconsistent and contestable value judgments.|
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Cameron Shelley (2012). Fairness in Technological Design. Science and Engineering Ethics 18 (4):663-680.
Jeff Stickney (2010). Reconciling Forms of Asian Humility with Assessment Practices and Character Education Programs in North America. Ethics and Education 5 (1):67-80.
David LaRocca (2007). Changing the Subject: The Auto/Biographical as the Philosophical in Wittgenstein. Epoché 12 (1):169-184.
Erich Ammereller & Eugen Fisher (eds.) (2004). Wittgenstein at Work: Method in the Philosophical Investigations. Routledge.
T. Phillips (2011). From the Ideal Market to the Ideal Clinic: Constructing a Normative Standard of Fairness for Human Subjects Research. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 36 (1):79-106.
Gordon Stobart (2001). The Validity of National Curriculum Assessment. British Journal of Educational Studies 49 (1):26 - 39.
Christian Arnsperger & Philippe De Villé (2004). Can Competition Ever Be Fair? Challenging the Standard Prejudice. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 7 (4):433 - 451.
Ben Saunders (2010). Fairness Between Competing Claims. Res Publica 16 (1):41-55.
M. S. Singer (1996). The Role of Moral Intensity and Fairness Perception in Judgments of Ethicality: A Comparison of Managerial Professionals and the General Public. Journal of Business Ethics 15 (4):469 - 474.
Brad Hooker (2005). Fairness. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 8 (4):329 - 352.
Added to index2009-07-21
Total downloads21 ( #59,615 of 556,803 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #64,847 of 556,803 )
How can I increase my downloads?