David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
AI and Society 22 (4):523-537 (2007)
As non-biological machines come to be designed in ways which exhibit characteristics comparable to human mental states, the manner in which the law treats these entities will become increasingly important both to designers and to society at large. The direct question will become whether, given certain attributes, a non-biological machine could ever be viewed as a legal person. In order to begin to understand the ramifications of this question, this paper starts by exploring the distinction between the related concepts of human, person, and property. Once it is understood that person in the legal sense can apply to a non-biological entity such as a corporation, the inquiry then goes on to examine the folk psychology view of intentionality and the concept of autonomy. The conclusion reached is that these two attributes can support the view that a non-biological machine, at least in theory, can be viewed as a legal person
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Daniel Kahneman, Paul Slovic & Amos Tversky (eds.) (1982). Judgment Under Uncertainty: Heuristics and Biases. Cambridge University Press.
George Lakoff (1987). Women, Fire and Dangerous Thing: What Catergories Reveal About the Mind. University of Chicago Press.
Robert H. Kane (1996). The Significance of Free Will. Oxford University Press.
John R. Searle (1980). Minds, Brains and Programs. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3 (3):417-57.
Citations of this work BETA
Ryan Tonkens (2009). A Challenge for Machine Ethics. Minds and Machines 19 (3):421-438.
Ryan Tonkens (2012). Out of Character: On the Creation of Virtuous Machines. [REVIEW] Ethics and Information Technology 14 (2):137-149.
Similar books and articles
Elena Pribytkova (2009). Personality, Person, Subject in Russian Legal Philosophy at the Turn of the Twentieth Century. Studies in East European Thought 61 (2/3):209 - 220.
Sydney Shoemaker (2008). Persons, Animals, and Identity. Synthese 162 (3):313 - 324.
Hendrik Gommer (2012). The Biological Essence of Law. Ratio Juris 25 (1):59-84.
Lynne Rudder Baker (2007). Persons and the Metaphysics of Resurrection. Religious Studies 43 (3):333-348.
David J. Cole (1991). Artificial Intelligence and Personal Identity. Synthese 88 (September):399-417.
Lynne Rudder Baker (2005). When Does a Person Begin? Social Philosophy and Policy 22 (2):25-48.
Henry Stapp (2005). Quantum Theory of the Human Person. In Avshalom C. Elitzur, Shahar Dolev & Nancy Kolenda (eds.), Quo Vadis Quantum Mechanics? Springer 397-404.
Aulis Aarnio (1978). Legal Point of View: Six Essays on Legal Philosophy. Helsingin Yliopisto.
David Nixon (2010). Should UK Law Reconsider the Initial Threshold of Legal Personality? A Critical Analysis. Human Reproduction and Genetic Ethics 16 (2):182-217.
Rogeer Hoedemaekers & Wim Dekkers (2002). The Ontological Status of Human DNA: Is It Not First and Foremost a Biological ``File Self''? Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 23 (4-5):377-395.
Masaki Kurematsu & Takahira Yamaguchi (1997). A Legal Ontology Refinement Support Environment Using a Machine-Readable Dictionary. Artificial Intelligence and Law 5 (1-2):119-137.
John Barresi (1999). On Becoming a Person. Philosophical Psychology 12 (1):79-98.
Adam Morton (1990). Why There is No Concept of a Person. In Christopher Gill (ed.), The Person and the Human Mind: Issues in Ancient and Modern Philosophy. Oxford University Press
Guido Melchior (2011). Privileges of First-Person Reference and of Third-Person Reference. Acta Analytica 26 (1):37-52.
Added to index2010-08-30
Total downloads43 ( #99,349 of 1,911,320 )
Recent downloads (6 months)10 ( #60,022 of 1,911,320 )
How can I increase my downloads?