David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Science and Engineering Ethics 9 (4):471-483 (2003)
The purpose of the study was to assess medical journals’ conflicts of interest in the publication of book reviews. We examined book reviews published in 1999, 2000, and 2001 (N=1,876) in five leading medical journals: Annals of Internal Medicine, British Medical Journal (BMJ), Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA), Lancet, and New England Journal of Medicine. The main outcome measure was journal publication of reviews of books that had been published by the journal’s own publisher, that had been edited or authored by a lead editor of the journal, or that posed another conflict of interest. We also surveyed the editors-in-chief of the five journals about their policies on these conflicts of interests. During the study period, four of the five journals published 30 book reviews presenting a conflict of interest: nineteen by the BMJ, five by the Annals, four by JAMA, and two by the Lancet. These reviews represent 5.8%, 2.7%, 0.7%, and 0.7%, respectively, of all book reviews published by the journals. These four journals, respectively, published reviews of 11.9%, 25.0%, 0.9%, and 1.0% of all medical books published by the journals’ publishers. Only one of the 30 book reviews included a disclosure statement addressing the conflict of interest. None of the journals had a written policy pertaining to the conflicts of interest assessed in this study, although four reported having unwritten policies. We recommend that scientific journals and associations representing journal editors develop policies on conflicts of interest pertaining to book reviews.
|Keywords||journals conflict of interest book reviews|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
James Coyne (2005). Lessons in Conflict of Interest: The Construction of the Martyrdom of David Healy and The Dilemma of Bioethics. American Journal of Bioethics 5 (1):W3-W14.
Francis Macrina (2011). Teaching Authorship and Publication Practices in the Biomedical and Life Sciences. Science and Engineering Ethics 17 (2):341-354.
Delon Human (2002). Conflicts of Interest in Science and Medicine: The Physician's Perspective. Science and Engineering Ethics 8 (3):273-276.
David B. Resnik (1999). Sex Biases in Subject Selection: A Survey of Articles Published in American Medical Journals. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 20 (3):245-260.
Sheldon Krimsky, L. S. Rothenberg, P. Stott & G. Kyle (1996). Financial Interests of Authors in Scientific Journals: A Pilot Study of 14 Publications. Science and Engineering Ethics 2 (4):395-410.
Anne Rowan-Legg, Charles Weijer, J. Gao & C. Fernandez (2009). A Comparison of Journal Instructions Regarding Institutional Review Board Approval and Conflict-of-Interest Disclosure Between 1995 and 2005. Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (1):74-78.
Ronald M. Davis & Marcus Müllner (2002). Editorial Independence at Medical Journals Owned by Professional Associations: A Survey of Editors. [REVIEW] Science and Engineering Ethics 8 (4):513-528.
David Orentlicher & Michael K. Hehir (1999). Advertising Policies of Medical Journals: Conflicts of Interest for Journal Editors and Professional Societies. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 27 (2):113-121.
Sheldon Krimsky & L. S. Rothenberg (2001). Conflict of Interest Policies in Science and Medical Journals: Editorial Practices and Author Disclosures. Science and Engineering Ethics 7 (2):205-218.
Jessica S. Ancker & Annette Flanagin (2007). A Comparison of Conflict of Interest Policies at Peer-Reviewed Journals in Different Scientific Disciplines. Science and Engineering Ethics 13 (2):147-157.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads16 ( #215,024 of 1,790,118 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #265,711 of 1,790,118 )
How can I increase my downloads?